THE OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE SPARKS FAMILY ASSOCIATION
“He who careth not from whence he came, careth little whither he goeth.” Daniel Webster
|VOL. III, NO. 1||MARCH, 1955||WHOLE NO. 9a|
|Index||Next Page||Previous Page||Previous Whole No.|
SPARKS IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
by William Perry Johnson
(Continued from Vol. II, No. 3, Whole No. 7, page 45)
[Editor’s note: In the following documents, capitalization and punctuation have been modernized for the sake of clarity, but no changes have been made in spelling or content. The file number given to the application papers of Solomon Sparks in The National Archives is 84874.]
State of Pennsylvania) SS
On this 29th day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred & thirty two personally appeared in open Court before the Honorable Alexander Thompson & his Associate Judges of the Court of Common Pleas of Bedford County now holden of August Term 1832, Solomon Sparks, a resident of Providence Township, Bedford County and State of Pennsylvania, aged seventy four & upwards, who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration, in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7th 1832:
That he enlisted in Bedford County with Ensign Hugh Means of Captain John Boyd’s company of troops raised by the State of Pennsylvania in the year, as Deponent believes, of 1782. That Deponent enlisted sometime in the month of April of said year. That said company remained within the County of Bedford aforesaid, then a frontier county, the greater part of said year & were stationed in said County to act against the Indians then the allies of Great Brittain. That his said service was the year after said Boyd was defeated near Frankstown. That said company never joined any regiment during the time of his said service, which was about eighteen months, when Deponent was discharged in Bedford aforesaid. That his said discharge is now lost. That he further relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or an annuity except the present, & he further declares that his name is not on the pension roll of any agency in any State.
Answers to questions put by the Court--
I was born in Frederick County, Maryland, in 1758, & have a record of my age at home. I was living in Bedford County when called into service. I lived two years in Mary-
| THE SPARKS QUARTERLY,
published by The Sparks Family Association
Paul E. Sparks, President, 155 N. Hite Ave., Louisville 6, Kentucky
Oral A. Sparks, Vice-President, R.F.D., Clio, Iowa
Melva (Sparks) Bidlack, Sec’y.-Treas., 1131 Granger Ave., Ann Arbor, Mich.
William Perry Johnson, Historian-Genealogist, Box 531, Raleigh, N.C.
Russell E. Bidlack, Editor, 1131 Granger Ave., Ann Arbor, Mich.
land after I was discharged & ever since in Bedford County. I was enlisted. I had a discharge from either Means or Johnson, but do not now know where it is--never had a commission.
Sworn to & subscribed the day &
[page 60 has the signature of SOLOMON SPARKS]
[signed] Job Mann, Prothonotary.
[Editor’s note: The above signature of Solomon Sparks is a photograph of the actual signature which appears on this application. The following documents accompanied the above application.]
Bedford County) SS
We, William Caldwell, a minister & preacher of the Gospel in Providence Township, Bedford County, & Charles Ashcom, Esquire, both residing in said Township of Providence, do hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Solomon Sparks who has subscribed & sworn to the above declaration. That we believe him to be seventy four years of age & upwards. That he is reputed & believed in the neighbourhood where he resides, to have been a soldier of the Revolution & that we concur in that opinion.
Sworn & subscribed this day [signed] William Caldwell
& year aforesaid in open Court. [signed] Charles Ashcom
[signed] Job Mann, Prothonotary.
And the said Court do hereby declare their opinion, after the investigation of the matter, and after putting the interrogations prescribed by the War Department, that the above named applicant was a Revolutionary Soldier, and served as he states.
And the Court further certifies that it appears to them that William Caldwell, who has signed the proceeding certificate, is a clergyman resident in the township of Providence in the County of Bedford and State of Pennsylvania, and that Charles Ashcom, Esquire, who has also signed the same is a resident in the same Township and County, and is a credible person, and that their statement is entitled to credit.
I, Job Mann, Prothonotary (or clerk) of the Court of Common Pleas of the County of Bedford in the State of Pennsylvania, do hereby certify that the foregoing contains the original proceedings of the said Court in the matter of the application of Solomon Sparks for a pension.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal of office at Bedford the 29th day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty two.
[signed] Job Mann, Prothonotary.
Personally appeared before me the undersigned, a Justice of the Peace in & for said County, Solomon Sparks who, being duly sworn according to the law, saith that by reason of old age & the consequent loss of memory, he cannot state with more precision than he has done, the periods of the war when he served and that his term of service was not less than fifteen months to which length of time he can swear positively--that he held no commission, that he has not any documentary evidence of his service, & that he does not know any person who can tell anything of them.
Sworn to & subscribed this 6th day [signed] Solomon Sparks
of December AD 1832, before me
[signed] J. Bonnett.
[Editor’s note: Solomon Sparks’s file also contains a letter, dated in 1938, from C. C. Weaverling, of 1326 Euclid St., N.W., Washington, D.C. Mr. Weaverling asks for information on Solomon Sparks, son of Joseph, of Bedford Co., Penna., who was in the Revolutionary War, and on a Solomon Sparks in the War of 1812 (Penna. Archives, 2nd Series, Vol. 12, page 460), Bartley Hughes (grandfather of Mr. Weaverling) was a son of Uriah Hughes, who had married Delilah Sparks, a daughter of Solomon Sparks the Revolutionary soldier, (History of Bedford County, published 1884 by Waterman & Watkins). A letter written to Mr. Weaverling recently by the editor was returned unclaimed. (The following handwritten note appears on the original of page 61, presumably in Mr. Johnson’s handwriting: “Note: Uriah Hughes was a witness to the will of Joseph Sparks, Sr., on Sept. 15, 1827.”)
* * * * * * * * * * * *
D. A. R. INFORMATION
by William Perry Johnson
No doubt many of the Sparks descendants, of the fairer sex, are, or will be, interested in joining the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (commonly known as the “D.A.R.”), which has local chapters all over the United States. Therefore, those of you who have been invited to join the D.A.R., and have an ancestor who participated in the American Revolution, will need to know how to go about proving your lineage.
Assuming that one has an ancestor of military age in 1775, there are four categories of service which would enable his descendants to be eligible for membership in patriotic societies based upon such service, especially the D.A.R.
1. Military service, in any American military organization, of any rank. For the Army there are three types of service: (a) Continental Line, (b) State Troops, (c) Militia.
2. Public Service Claims. This category, and it is a large one, covers persons who furnished supplies or materially aided the American forces during the American Revolution.
3. Oaths of Allegiance. During the American Revolution a small number of the inhabitants remained loyal to the English Government. The American officials therefore required all citizens that were faithful to the American cause to sign an Oath of Allegiance to the United States, Many of these lists have been preserved, and if one of your ancestors signed, and you can prove it, the D.A.R. will accept this in lieu of service or furnishing of supplies.
4. Civil Duty. Persons can join the D.A.R. if their ancestor performed civil duty during the American Revolution, such as serving on a jury.
To better clarify just who is and who is not eligible for membership in the D.A.R., the “Eligibility Clause” from a D.A.R. Membership Application Blank is here quoted in full. “Any woman is eligible for membership in the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution who is not less than eighteen years of age, and who is descended from a man or woman who, with unfailing loyalty to the cause of American Independence, served as a sailor, or as a soldier or civil officer in one of the several Colonies or States, or in the United Colonies or States, or as a recognized patriot, or rendered material aid thereto; provided the applicant is personally acceptable to the Society.” (Constitution, Article III, Section I.)
The D.A.R. requires ample proof for your line of descent from an American Revolutionary patriot. Proofs for line of descent are “wills, administrations, deeds, church, Bible, census and pension records, tombstones, histories, genealogies, old newspapers, etc.” On the application blank they state: “Give below a reference to the authority for EACH statement of Birth, Marriage or Death. If from published records, give names of books and page numbers. If from unpublished records, applicant must file duplicate certified or attested copies of same.” Attested copies of material will he accepted in lieu of certified copies, when signed by the applicant with the Chapter Registrar and another chapter officer as witness. A certified copy of a record is an exact copy of a Bible, tombstone, baptismal, or other record that has been sworn to in the presence of a notary public, as being a correct copy. These sworn statements are requested in order to make the record submitted by the applicant absolutely complete, and something that future applicants, and historians and genealogists cannot question.
When asking for certified copies of Bible records, the D.A.R. desires to have sent them a full copy of everything listed in the Bible under births, marriages, and deaths and not simply the applicant’s direct lineage. They also desire to be informed as to the year the Bible was published, name of publisher, and name of original and present owner. Certification or attestation is not necessary for photostatic copies or microfilm.
Speaking further in the application blank of marriages, the D.A.R. states: “Marriage in every instance in this paper means legal and lawful marriage. Date of marriage may he substituted for dates of birth and death where such date proves the soldier to have been living during the Revolution and of a suitable age for service. (Note:
Resolution adopted by the twenty-fourth Continental Congress: Descendants of polygamous marriage are not acceptable as members of this Society.)
Two copies of the D,A.R. application blank are filled out and sent to the Treasurer General, N.S.D.A.R., 1775 D Street, Washington 6, D.C., and if accepted, one copy will be returned to the Registrar of the Chapter or to the individual. At the present time the cost is $5.00 to the National Society, plus chapter fees.
After joining the D.A.R. one may wish to prove descent from other Revolutionary ancestors in order to receive other D.A.R. bars or pins. These additional lineages are known as “supplementals.” At the present time the D.A.R. is not accepting supplementals, but will resume on March 9, 1955. The cost for supplementals is ten dollars each.
The Now Modern Encyclopedia, published in 1953 by Wm. HG Wise & Co., Inc., New York, has this to say about the D..A.R.: “Society of women composed of descendants of persons who rendered ‘material aid to the cause of (American) independence.’ Organized in 1890, it has patriotic and educational objectives. It has a membership of about 171,109 organized in about 1,500 local chapters. An annual congress of delegates from all chapters is held in Washington the third week in April. Headquarters are in Washington D .C .“
The D.A.R. Library in Washington, D.C., is second only to the Mormon Library in Salt Lake City, from a genealogical and historical standpoint, The D.A.R. method of compiling, recording, and proving lineages is an ideal one, and has been adopted by many individuals in their own genealogical research. It is especially recommended that photostatic copies of all genealogical material be obtained whenever possible.
Note: An article on joining the Sons of the American Revolution (S.A.R.) will appear in a forthcoming issue of The Sparks Quarterly.
* * * * * * * * * * * * *
SPARKS IN KENTUCKY--1790, 1800 and 1810
[Editor’s note: The 1790 Census of Virginia, which included the present State of Kentucky, has been lost. However, a “1790 Census of Virginia” was compiled from tax lists of the period, and a similar “1790 Census of Kentucky” was also compiled from early tax lists. Likewise, the 1800 Census of Kentucky was lost, but a “Second Census of Kentucky” has been reconstructed from tax lists. The accompanying map of Kentucky shows county boundaries in 1790 as well as at present.]
“1790 Census of Kentucky”
|Daniel Sparks Jefferson County 8 June
1789 Tax List
Isaac Sparks Fayette County 1 Jan. 1790 Tax List
James Sparks Jefferson County 1 Sept. 1789 Tax List
Thomas Sparks Lincoln County 11 May 1790 Tax List
William Sparks Bourbon County March 1791 Tax List
William Sparks Bourbon County 1791 Tax List
“1800 Census of Kentucky”
[The following record was copied by Paul
E. Sparks from a volume compiled in 1954 by G. Glenn Clift, Assistant Secretary,
Kentucky Historical Society, entitled Second Census of Kentucky, 1800--A
privately Compiled and Published Enumeration of Taxpayers Appearing in
the 79 Manuscript Volumes Extant of Tax Lists of the 42 Counties of Kentucky
in Existence in 1800.]
|Daniel Sparks Bullitt County 16 Aug, 1800
David Sparks Jefferson County 1800 Tax List
Elijah Sparks Campbell County 1 Sept. 1800 Tax List
Elijah Sparks Madison County 1 Oct. 1800 Tax List
George Sparks Clark County 1800 Tax List
Henry Sparks Franklin County 7 Aug. 1800 Tax List
Henry Sparks Jefferson County 1800 Tax List
Humphrey Sparks Scott County 1800 Tax List
Isaac Sparks Clark County 1800 Tax List
James Sparks Franklin County 7 Aug. 1801 Tax List
John Sparks Bourbon County 1800 Tax List
Jonas Sparks Mason County 1800 Tax List
Joseph Sparks Nicholas County 1800 Tax List
Martin Sparks Woodford County Aug. 1800 Tax List
Stephen Sparks Jefferson County 1800 Tax List
Thomas Sparks Hardin County 1800 Tax List
Walter Sparks Shelby County 29 Aug. 1800 Tax List
William Sparks Bourbon County 23 July 1800 Tax List
William Sparks Clark County 1800 Tax List
William Sparks Fayette County 7 Nov. 1800 Tax List
[NOTE: The entire page 64 contains a map of modern Kentucky, showing its counties by name. Superimposed over that map is an outline of each county in existance when the state was admitted to the union and containing the following caption:]
MAP OF KENTUCKY
Showing the nine counties formed by Virginia before Kentucky was admitted to the Union, 1 June 1792, with their dates of formation. Based on a map made in 1942 by Bayless Hardin of Frankfort, Kentucky. (Copies of this may, size 18” x 32”, in color, may be obtained for one dollar from : Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, Kentucky.
[FURTHER NOTE: For the assistance of users, the map outlines the original borders and names the following counties and their dates of creation:
Mason, 1788; Bourbon, 1785; Woodford, 1788; Fayette, 1780; Madison, 1785; Jefferson, 1780; Mercer, 1785; Nelson, 1784; Lincoln, 1780, and The Jackson Purchase, 1818.]
"1810 Census of Kentucky"
[The following data was copied in May,
1952, by William Perry Johnson from nine typed volumes (including two volumes
of index) in the Library of The Genealogical Society, Salt Lake City, Utah.
In the 1810 census, only the name of the head of each household is given.
The entire household, including the head, is then enumerated by sex and
age groups. Ordinarily the head of the family appears as the oldest male.
In the case of Anthony Sparks, below, one may assume that he is the male
who is listed as between 26 and 45 years old. It is also probable that
the female listed as between 26 and 45 was his wife, and, presumably, they
had a son and two daughters, all under 10 years. However, if parents hired
men or women, children of friends or relatives, etc. were living in the
household, they too would be enumerated, so that one can never be certain
of the relationship of the members of a given household.]
SPARKS RECORDS IN NEW JERSEY
[Editor’s note: The following index to
Sparks probate records has been extracted from a three volume work published
in 1912 by S. D. Dickinson, Secretary of State, and J. B. R. Smith, Assistant
Secretary of State, entitled
State of New Jersey-- Index of Wills, Inventories,
etc., in the Office of the Secretary of State-Prior to 1901. All counties
have been listed--where there are no Sparks wills or other probate records,
a note to this effect has been made. Where Sparks records are on file,
the name, file number and date of the records have been given. The following
abbreviations have been used: Acct.-Account; Adm.-Administration; Cod.-Codicil;
Grd.-Guardian; Int.-Intestate; Inv. --Inventory; Pt.-Petition; Ren.-Renunciation.]
|Atlantic||(No Sparks Records)|
|Bergen||William C. Sparks||7144B||Will 1882; Inv. 1882|
|Burlington||Reuben B. Sparks||20905C||Will & Cod. 1893; Inv. 1893|
|Camden||Abner Sparks||3179D||Will 1892; Ren. 1892|
|Amelia Sparks||4180D||Will 1899|
|Mary Sparks||3040D||Will 1891|
|Mary P. Sparks||2277D||Will & Cod. 1885; Inv. 1885|
|Washington Sparks||990D||Will 1868; Inv. 1868|
|Cape May||Johanna L. Sparks||2427E||Will 1899|
|Cumberland||John B. Sparks||5396F||Will 1894|
|Essex||No Sparks Records|
|Gloucester||Robert Sparkes||3330H||Inv. 1821|
|Elizabeth Sparks||724H||Will 1760; Int. 1760; Inv. 1760|
|Ren. 1760; Book 10, p. 164.|
|Ellen Sparks||7567H||Will 1899|
|George Sparks||2406H||Inv. 1830|
|George P. Sparks||7189H||Will 1894|
|Hannah G. Sparks||5733H||Will 1872; Inv. 1872|
|Henry Sparks||594H||Will 1756; Book 8, p. 261|
|Jesse Sparks||3662H||Will 1825; Inv. 1826|
|John Sparks||995H||Grd. 1769; Pt. 1769; Book 14, p.14.|
|John Sparks||2405H||Will 1802; Inv.1802; Book 39; p. 503.|
|John M. Sparks||7357H||Inv. 1896|
|Joseph Sparks||7357H||Inv. 1896|
|Leonard Sparks||6520H||Inv. 1885|
|Priscilla Sparks||1909H||Inv. 1799(?); Book 35, p. 301.|
|Priscilla H. Sparks||1982H||Int. 1795; Book 35, p. 301.|
|Robert Sparks||1165H||Int. 1775; Inv. 1775; Book 15, p. 535.|
|Gloucester||Robert Sparks||2869H||Inv. 1812|
|Robert Sparks Jr.||1834H||Int. 1792; Inv. 1792; Book 34, p. 443.|
|Simon Sparks||442H||Will 1749; Inv. 1749; Book 6, p. 95.|
|Simon Sparks||1605H||Int. 1787; Book 29, p. 118.|
|Simon Sparks||5273H||Will 1861; Inv. 1861|
|William C. Sparks||5734H||Will 1872; Inv. 1872|
|Hudson||(No Sparks records)|
|Henderson||(No Sparks records)|
|Mercer||(No Sparks records)|
|Middlesex||John Sparks||(Prerogative Wills) Int. 1899|
|Adm. Bonds 1, p. 154; Book F, p. 180.|
|Monmouth||No Sparks records|
|Morris||Walter C. Sparks||4984N||Will & Cod. 1872; Inv. 1872|
|Ocean||No Sparks records|
|Passaic||No Sparks records|
|Salem||Andrew Sparks||4547Q||Inv. 1844|
|Ann Sparks||5748Q||Will 1867; Inv. 1867|
|Clement Sparks||7222Q||Inv. 1892|
|David Sparks||5047Q||Inv. 1854|
|David Sparks||5512Q||Inv. 1863|
|David Sparks||7496Q||Will & Cod. 1896; Inv. 1896|
|Ebenezer Sparks||5102Q||Inv. 1855|
|Garrard Sparks||4501Q||Will 1843; Inv. 1843|
|Gerrard Sparks||7729Q||Will 1899; Inv. 1899|
|Henry Sparks||2216Q||Int. 1796|
|Henry Sparks||3165Q||Will 1815; Inv. 1816|
|John Sparks||1861Q||Will 1791; Inv. 1791; Book 32, p. 259.|
|John Sparks||3555Q||Will 1823; Inv. 1823|
|John Sparks||3844Q||Inv. 1827|
|John Sparks||4205Q||Inv. 1835|
|John Sparks, Sr.||3911Q||Inv. 1829|
|John D. Sparks||4084Q||Int. 1832|
|John M. Sparks||3627Q||Will 1824; Inv. 1824|
|John S. Sparks||5513Q||Will 1863; Inv. 1863|
|Joseph Sparks||5633Q||Will 1865; Inv. 1865|
|Maria Sparks||6635Q||Will 1883; Inv. 1883|
|Maria P. Sparks||6231Q||Inv. 1876|
|Mayhew Sparks||7572Q||Will & Cod. 1897; Inv. (2) 1897|
|Peter Sparks||4245Q||Inv. 1836|
|Peter P. Sparks||7573Q||Will 1897|
|Richard Sparks||2376Q||Int. 1800; Inv. 1800; Book 39, p. 90.|
|Salem||Robert Sparks||1429Q||Int. 1779; Inv. 1779; Acct. 1783;|
|Book 22, p. 26 & Book 23, p. 411|
|Robert Sparks||6491Q||Will 1881; Inv. 1881|
|Samuel Sparks||4399Q||Inv. 1840|
|Samuel I. Sparks||4692Q||Inv. 1866|
|Simon Sparks||2719Q||Will 1904; Inv. 1804|
|Simon Sparks||3467Q||Will 1821; Inv. 1821|
|Simon C. Sparks||5402Q||Inv. 1861|
|Theresa Sparks||7818Q||Will 1900|
|Thomas Sparks||1862Q||Will 1791; Inv. 1791; Book 32, p. 244.|
|Thomas Sparks||2434Q||Will 1801; Inv. 1801; Book 39, p. 338.|
|Thomas Sparks||6636Q||Inv. 1883|
|Somerset||Elenor Sparks||2836R||Will 1843; Inv. 1843|
|Thomas Sparks||2387R||Inv. 1832|
|Sussex||(No Sparks records)|
|Union||Peter Sparks||1077T||Will 1873; Inv. 1873|
|Sophia Sparks||1512T||Will 1877; Inv. 1877|
|(No Sparks records)|
As this issue of the Quarterly goes to the printer (March 1, 1955) we can boast of a membership of 300 in The Sparks Family Association. The lists of names which several members have copied from their telephone directories have been of great aid in contacting potential members, and we hope that others will favor the Editor with similar lists. Form letters describing the Association and Quarterly are being sent to all persons named Sparks, or known to descend from a Sparks, whose names and addresses can be found.
One of the purposes of the Association is to provide a means, through the Quarterly, whereby family ties can be strengthened and distant relatives can reestablish contact, and exchange family history, with one another. Several members have written to the effect that we are succeeding in accomplishing this purpose. Perhaps a member can assist Mrs. Theodora B, Smith, 1000 S.W. Vista Ave.1 Vista St. Clair Apt. 310, Portland 5, Oregon, who writes as follows: "For over 40 years I have been trying to locate the parents &c. of my great-grandmother, Margaret Sparks, b. Feb. 9, 1785, d. Nov. 14, 1864 in Licking Co., Ohio. She married Jno. Burge, b. Oct. 28, 1784, d. Dec. 4, 1829, also in Licking Co. History has it that they were from Lancaster, Penna., and went into Ohio in the early 1800’s." If anyone has information on Mrs. Smith’s family, she will be delighted to hear from him.
The article on Sparks place names which appeared in the last issue has excited considerable interest. In the June, 1955, issue of the Quarterly we shall give the full story of the name of Sparks, Kansas, and Sparks, Texas, as provided by two of our new members.
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Scanned and Edited by James J. Sparks