THE
SPARKS QUARTERLY

THE OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE SPARKS FAMILY ASSOCIATION

“He who careth not from whence he came, careth little whither he goeth.” Daniel Webster


VOL. XXV, NO. 3 SEPTEMBER, 1977
WHOLE NO. 99a

 
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[Note:  On the cover is a photograph, beneath which is the following caption:]

THOMAS E. SPARKS (1819-1909)

Son of Addison and Mary (Watts) Sparks

With three daughters & a son-in-law

Standing:  Miranda Jane (Sparks) Greaver, Jacob Greaver

Martha C. (Sparks) Johnson, & Isabel (Sparks) Hull

(View photograph)

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-1920-

THE SPARKS QUARTERLY, published by The Sparks Family Association.

Paul E. Sparks, President, 155 North Hite Avenue, Louisville, Kentucky (40206)
William P. Johnson, Historian-Genealogist, Box 1770, Raleigh, North Carolina (27602)
Russell E. Bidlack, Secretary-Treasurer & Editor, 1709 Cherokee Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan (48104)

The Sparks Family Association was founded in March, 1953, as a nonprofit organi- zation devoted to the assembling and preserving of genealogical and historical materials pertaining to the Sparks family in America.  Membership in the Asso- ciation is open to all persons connected with the Sparks family, whether by blood, marriage, or adoption, and to persons interested in genealogical research. Membership falls into three classes: Active, Contributing, and Sustaining.  Active membership dues are three dollars per year;  Contributing membership dues are four dollars per year; and Sustaining membership dues are any amount over four dollars which the member wishes to contribute for the support of the Association. All members receive THE SPARKS QUARTERLY as it is published in March, June, September, and December.  Back issues are kept in print and are available for $1.00 per issue. The first issue of the QUARTERLY was published in March, 1953. Four indexes have been published for the years 1953 -1957, 1958 -1962, 1963 -1967 and 1968 -72.  Each is available for $2.00. A complete file of all issues of the QUARTERLY (1953 -1976) with the four indexes may be purchased for $58.00. (These 24 years of the QUARTERLY comprise 1876 pages of Sparks Family history.)

The editor of the QUARTERLY is Russell E. Bidlack, 1709 Cherokee Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan (48104). Back issues and applications for membership are available from Dr. Bidlack. The QUARTERLY is printed by off- set.

ADDISON SPARKS (born ca. 1795)

of

Pittsylvania County, Virginia, and Parke County, Indiana

On the cover of this issue of the QUARTERLY appears a photograph of Thomas E. Sparks (1819 -1909), son of Addison and Mary (Watts) Sparks, with three of his daughters and a son-in-law. A query pertaining to this family submitted by Mrs. Marylee Nurmi appeared in the QUARTERLY for December 1972 (Vol. XX, No. 4, Whole No. 80, p. 1534). Since that time, we have learned considerably more about Thomas E. Sparks, including his parentage. (Mrs. Nurmi furnished the photograph appearing on the cover.)

The parents of Thomas E. Sparks, Addison Sparks and Mary (or Polly) Watts, were married in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, in 1816. The bond that was provided for this marriage was dated August 19, 1816. We can assume that the marriage took place within a few days of the signing of this bond. Levi Watts served as bondsman and Mary's name is clearly recorded as Watts, although a descendant had thought her name was Watson.

Addison Sparks was born between 1790 and 1800, probably about 1795. His name appears for the first time in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, property tax records in 1817, the year following his marriage. This suggests that he married as a very young man.

An article on the Pittsylvania County Sparks family appeared in the QUARTERLIES for September 1955 (Vol. III, No. 3, Whole No. 11, pp. 79-85) and March 1956 (Vol. IV, No. 1, Whole No. 13, pp. 109-121). This was based on an extensive search of Pittsylvania County records by William Perry Johnson. Mr. Johnson points out that three Sparks families came to Pittsylvania County in 1778 from Prince George's County, Maryland: Thomas Sparks (born ca. 1711) with wife Elizabeth (born ca. 1718); Matthew Sparks (born ca. 1715) with wife Eleanor (born ca. 1731); and Matthew Sparks, Jr., son of Thomas Sparks who had married Margery ----- in 1765. It seems probable

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-1921-

ADDISON SPARKS (born ca. 1795), continued:

that Thomas Sparks and the elder Matthew Sparks were brothers, but we have found no proof of this.  All three of these Sparks families sold their land in Prince George's County, Maryland, in 1777 and purchased land in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, the following year. The land that they purchased was on the branches of Sandy River. Both Thomas and Matthew Sparks were in their 60's when they migrated from Maryland to Pittsylvania County; their reason for making such a move at that age must have been primarily to accompany their children. From the tax and land records of Pittsylvania County, it is apparent that a number of their children quickly established homes in the new land.

We believe that Addison Sparks was a grandson (possibly great-grandson) of either the original Matthew Sparks or Thomas Sparks; we have not been able to identify his father. Four other men named Sparks were taxed in Pittsylvania County in 1817: Revd. Thomas Sparks, Matthew B. Sparks, Edmond Sparks, and Thomas Sparks, Jr. It may prove to be significant that in 1815 and 1816, Edmond Sparks was listed on the tax roll as having two white males over 16 in his household - - one would have been Edmond, himself, of course. In 1817, when Addison Sparks first appeared on the tax roll, Edmond Sparks was listed with only one white male over 16 (himself). From our knowledge of Edmond Sparks, however, it seems unlikely that he was old enough to have been the father of Addison Sparks. (We know that Edmond Sparks was married in Pittsylvania County in 1804 to Patsy Wright - - which may have been a second marriage. Sometime between 1820 and 1830, Edmond Sparks moved to Bedford County, Tennessee.)

In the early 1800's, "Addison" was an unusual name not only in the Sparks family but in most other southern families as well. It was, therefore, frequently misspelled. On the property tax list of 1818, Addison Sparks's name was written as "Anderson Sparks." On other occasions it was spelled "Anderson Sparks." On December 20, 1819, for example, Addison Sparks witnessed a deed (Book 23, p. 292) of George and Elizabeth Ward to Thomas Sparks - - here his name was recorded in the deed book as "Anderson Sparks."

The last record (Deed Book 26, p. 87) pertaining to Addison Sparks found in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, is dated May 10, 1823. This is a record of a sheriff's sale of 50 acres of land owned by "Anderson Sparks" to pay a debt of $106.79 which Sparks owed to Benjamin Watkins. The sheriff, whose name was Robert Walters, sold the land to Lemuel Norton. Lemuel Norton had married Elinor Sparks, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Sparks, in 1820 (marriage bond dated January 18, 1820). We have found no deed that reveals how Addison Sparks came into possession of this 50 acre tract of land which was sold in 1823. Perhaps he had inherited it.

Addison Sparks was not listed as the head of a household on the 1820 census of Pittsylvania County, although he must have been living there at the time. He may have been overlooked by the census taker or he and his wife may have been living with a relative. The only other Sparks household with a. family enumeration that could have included Addison's family was that of Edmond Sparks (see page 114 of the
March 1956 QUARTERLY).

Sometime prior to 1829, Addison Sparks moved to Parke County, Indiana. Whether this was a direct move from Pittsylvania County, Virginia, is not known. Unfortunately, a fire in the Parke County courthouse in 1832 destroyed the early land records there. A "Relief Book" was opened after the fire to permit residents again to register their deeds and one of the deeds recorded was that of "Adison Sparks" and his wife, Mary, dated September 28, 1829 (Relief Book p. 206). In this deed, Addison and Mary Sparks sold land located in Adams Township, Parke County, to John Gray. In the same Relief Book (p. 433) a deed appears by which Addison and Mary Sparks sold land located in Florida Township, Parke County to Robert Catlin on December 9, 1831. In this deed, his name is spelled "Aderson."

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-1922-

ADDISON SPARKS (born ca. 1795), continued:

Addison Sparks was listed as head of a household in Parke County, Indiana, when the 1830 census was taken (see page 329 of the September 1958 QUARTERLY for this enumeration). He was still in Parke County when the 1840 census was taken (see page 1887 of the March 1977 issue of the QUARTERLY for this enumeration). From these two census listings and family records, it would appear that Addison and Mary (Watts) Sparks had at least eight children:

1. Daughter, born about 1817.
2. Thomas E. Sparks, born July 4, 1819.
3. Daughter, born about 1822.
4. Son, born about 1825.
5. Daughter, born about 1827.
6. Daughter, born about 1830.
7. Son, born about 1832.
8. Son, born about 1834.
At this time, we can be positive in the identification of only the eldest son, Thomas E. Sparks. We have a list of the Sparks marriage records preserved in Parke County (see page 1924 of this issue of the QUARTERLY). It seems probable that some of these were children of Addison and Mary (Watts) Sparks.

Living very near Addison Sparks when the 1830 and the 1840 censuses were taken of Parke County, Indiana, was Wesley Sparks whom we believe to have been closely related to Addison Sparks. Wesley Sparks, who was born about 1790, served in the War of 1812 from Harrison County, Indiana, and, in 1851 and 1855, he applied for bounty land on the basis of that service. An abstract of his application appeared in the September 1964 QUARTERLY (Vol. XII, No. 3, Whole No. 47, pp. 846-847). From this we know that he volunteered for service in Corydon, Harrison County, Indiana, on October 20, 1812, and served from October 20 to November 18, 1812, under the command of Captain Jacob Zenor of the 5th Indiana Regiment. He also served from March 12 to April 16, 1813, under Captain Hughes in the same regiment. When he made application for bounty land in 1851, as a resident of Parke County, Indiana, Wesley Sparks stated that he was 61 years old; when he applied for additional land in 1855, he gave his age as 65. He was still a resident of Parke County in 1860 at which time he was living with Daniel & Mary Overpeck; Mary may have been his daughter.

We know that there was a close relationship between this Wesley Sparks and Baxter Sparks and Tillotson Sparks. A lengthy article on Baxter Sparks appeared in the QUARTERLY of March 1972 (Vol. XX, No. 1, Whole No. 77, pp. 1466 -1474). Baxter Sparks was born in Pittsylvania County on May 8, 1777, and married Elizabeth Gwin there on September 20, 1806. In the QUARTERLY of June 1976 (Vol. XXIV, No. 2, Whole No. 94, p. 1828) we reported that a descendant of Baxter Sparks has a letter written many years ago by another descendant of Barer stating that Baxter's father had been one Thomas Sparks of Virginia and that the wife of this Thomas Sparks had the maiden name of Sanders. Her first name, however, is not mentioned.

At about the time of his marriage, Baxter Sparks moved west to Harrison County, Indiana, where he remained until 1836 when he moved to Macoupin County, Illinois, and died there on September 7, 1840. He had ten children: Mary L., Thomas P., John G., Mathew N., Wesley H., George T., Edmond Baxter, David R., Harvey A., and William Andrew.

Tillotson Sparks (also spelled Tillison, etc.), who was taxed in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, as early as 1812, appears to have followed Baxter Sparks to Indiana in 1813 or 1814. He was a member of a grand jury in Harrison County in November 1815. Tillotson Sparks sold land in Harrison County and Floyd County, Indiana, to John Wesley Nance on March 6, 1821. (Harrison County Deed Book C, p. 441 and Floyd County Deed Book called "Clark Grants" p. 528.) Tillotson Sparks died in 1828 and Baxter Sparks was appointed to administer his estate in Floyd County on July 2, 1828 (Floyd County, Indiana, Will Book A), with David Gunn and Richard Watson as sureties for Baxter Sparks's bond of 500. (A David Gunn married Eleanor Sparks in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, in 1800--marriage bond dated December 22, 1800.)

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-1923-

ADDISON SPARKS (born ca. 1795), continued:

A court order dated October 15, 1833, in Floyd County, Indiana, identifies the children of Tillotson Sparks as David Sparks, Elizabeth Sparks, James Sparks, Oswell Sparks, and William Sparks (Book F, p. 395). Another record, dated April 27, 1835, identifies Shallam Thomas as the "guardian of the infant heirs of Tillotson Sparks, deceased." (Book J, p. 157)

Addison Sparks, Baxter Sparks, Wesley Sparks, and Tillotson Sparks were all born in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, between 1777 and 1795. All four went west from Virginia to Indiana. They were probably closely related; perhaps they were brothers.

The only child of Addison and Mary (Watts) Sparks that we have identified positively is THOMAS E. SPARKS, who was born in Pittsylvania CountyAugusta County, Virginia, on July 4, 1819; he died August 8, 1909, in Custer, Oklahoma. He was married in Parke County, Indiana, on July 18, 1839, to Catherine Melton. She was born July 20, 1821, in Kentucky and died on January 13, 1892, in Smith County, Kansas. She was a daughter of Joseph Melton. It is known that her mother's maiden name was Walters. Thomas E. and Catherine (Melton) Sparks moved a number of times - - in 1860 they were living in Clark County, Illinois. When the 1880 census was taken, they were in Houston Township, Smith County, Kansas. Both Thomas E. Sparks and his wife, Catherine, are buried in Crystal PrairiePlains Cemetery in Smith County, Kansas (his body was brought there for burial although he had died in Oklahoma).

[Scanner's note:  See the  QUARTERLY for September, 1978, Whole No. 103, p. 2042, for additional information on this family, especially concerning the birth and death dates of Thomas E. Sparks, his place of birth and a more complete list of his children.]

Thomas E. and Catherine (Melton) Sparks were the parents of eight children. Through family records, correspondence, and census records, Mrs. Nurmi, who has provided the photograph of Thomas E. Sparks appearing on the cover, has identified these eight children as follows:

1. Miranda Jane Sparks, daughter of Thomas E. and Catherine (Melton) Sparks, was born in Parke County, Indiana, on November 19, 1841, and died on February 8, 1913. She was married on May l, 1859, to Jacob Greaver (or Griever). He was born May 23, 1836, near Canton, Scott County, Virginia, and died on October 16, 1920, in Smith County, Kansas. Their children were:
(a) Edwin (or Edward) Riley Griever, born Feb. 10, 1860, in either Edgar or Clark County, Ill., died May 30, 1952; he married Mary Angeline Lerew on Jan. 6, 1885.

(b) Mary Ellen Greaver, born March 18, 1863, died Nov. 19, 1905, in Lenora, Dewey County, Okla.; she married Joseph Marshall McCasland in Gaylord, Smith County, Kansas.

(c) Thomas Greaver married Mrs. Bell Lohmiller in 1908.

(d) Elmer Greaver.

(e) Emory Greaver, married Lou Weeks.

(f) Alveda Greaver, never married.

2. Mary K. Sparks, daughter of Thomas E. and Catherine (Melton) Sparks, was born in 1845 in Indiana. She married Isaac Johnson in 1865 or 1866 and died before 1944. When the 1880 census of Smith County, Kansas, was taken, they were listed with children named Dovie Johnson, age 13; Katie Johnson, age 9; Ipha Johnson, age 8; and Jordan E. Johnson, age 3.

3. Elizabeth E. Sparks, daughter of Thomas E. and Catherine (Melton) Sparks, was born in 1847 in Indiana; she married Robert W. Howard on May 8, 1870. She died before 1944.

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-1924-

ADDISON SPARKS (born ca. 1795), continued:
 

4. William Francis Sparks, son of Thomas E. and Catherine (Melton) Sparks, was born September 1849 in Terre Haute, Vigo County, Indiana. He died on Sept. l, 1901. He married Arvilla Roxiean Fuller on Sept. l, 1872. When the 1880 census of Smith County, Kansas, was taken, they had a daughter named Alice, age 3, and a son named Levi, age 1 year.

5. George W. Sparks, son of Thomas E. and Catherine (Melton) Sparks, was born in 1852 in Indiana and died prior to 1944.

6. Martha C. Sparks, daughter of Thomas E. and Catherine (Melton) Sparks, was born Jan. 10, 1855, in Clark County, Ill., and died on Jan. T6, 1944. She married Jordon Johnson.

7. Isabel Sparks, daughter of Thomas E. and Catherine (Melton) Sparks, was born in 1857 in Clark County, Ill. She married William Hull and died between 1920 and 1944.

8. Lucinda Sparks, daughter of Thomas E. and Catherine (Melton) Sparks, was born Oct. 25, 1859, in Clark County, Ill., and died in 1938. She married Charles Henry Hart on July 4, 1879. Both are buried in Topeka, Kansas. Three of their children were: (a) Ethel Clair Hart, born June 5, 1884; (b) Elsie Gertrude Hart, born Aug. 29, 1881, died Aug. 23, 1951; and (c) Thella May Hart, born ca. 1886, died 1917.

*  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *

SPARKS MARRIAGES IN PARKE COUNTY, INDIANA, 1831-1860

Copied by Loretta B. Bingham

Thomas Sparks and Catherine Melton, July 18, 1839
Chloe Ann Sparks and Eli Earhart, November 5, 1840.
William Sparks and Elizabeth Brown, January 10, 1843.
Westly Sparks, Jr., and Martha Carhart, November 5, 1846.
Nancy Jane Sparks and Jacob Jessup, March 16, 1848.
Mary Sparks and Daniel H. Overpeck, September 20, 1849.
Thomas Sparks and Lucinda Odell, December 12, 1850.
Lucinda Sparks and John Capper, June 27, 1854.
Mary C. Sparks and James D. Strain, December 7, 1854.
Westly Sparks and Emelia Carhart, February 11, 1855

*  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *

SPARKS MARRIAGES IN HARRISON COUNTY, INDIANA, 1825-1876

Copied by Paul E. Sparks

John Sparks and Anna Owin, April 20, 1825. Both of lawful age. Also written is the following: "I Baxter Parks [sic] a Justice of the Peace in and for said county do certify that John Sparks & Anny Own of said county were legally joined in marriage by me on the 20th day of April 1825. Given under my hand
                                                                                            Baxter Sparks [sic]"
(Book A, p. 174)

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-1925-

SPARKS MARRIAGES IN HARRISON COUNTY, INDIANA, continued:

Thomas Sparks & Nancy Chapman, January 31, 1829. He had consent of father [Baxter Sparks]; she had no parents or guardian in the state. By Edward McCown. (Book A-2, p.292)

Mary Sparks & Luke Coon, August 27, 1830. She made affidavit [she was a daughter of Baxter Sparksl. He of lawful age. By William Anderson, J. P.  (Book A-2, p. 312)

Rhoda Sparks & Joseph Walden, May 11, 1833. She made affidavit. He of lawful age. By Henry Bonebrake. (Book A-3, p. 1)

Ellen Sparks & Abraham Baird, Nov. 2, 1835. She had no parents in the state.  He of lawful age. By William Sampson, J.P. (Book A-3, p. 50)

Tabitha Sparks & Henry Sadler, March 2, 1836. She made affidavit. He of lawful age. By William M. Saffer, J.P. (Book A-3, p. 54)

John Sparks & Harriet M. Dillinger, March 6, 1849. Both made affidavits. By Thos. R. Austin, L.D.M.E.C. (Book B, p. 155)

Martha J. Sparks & Thomas Akers, August 28, 1851. Both made affidavits. By Thomas R. Austin, L.D. (Book B, p. 299)

Sarah Sparks & Lewis Martin, December 28, 1854. Married by Z. R. Cooper, J.P. (Book C, p. 156)

(No Sparks marriages were recorded in Books D, E F, and G (1859 to 1876)

*  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *

FURTHER DATA ABOUT DESCENDANTS OF WILLIAM SPARKS

(ca.1760-ca.1834) OF ADAIR COUNTY, KENTUCKY

We have received additional information from Dick Clifford, Keyes, Oklahoma, regarding a.descendant of William Sparks of Adair County, Kentucky. William was the subject of an article which appeared in the March 1976 of the QUARTERLY (Vol. XXIV, No. l, Whole No. 93). On page 1809 of that issue, data were given about a great-granddaughter of William, Mary E. Sparks. She was a daughter of Truelove and Sally (Guessford) Sparks and she married Benejah T. Corson on July 15, 1858. Mr. Clifford called our attention to the error in the spelling of Benejah's surname which should be CORSON and not Carson. Children of Benejah and Mary E. (Sparks) Corson were:

1. Truelove Corson, born 1859 in Jasper County, Iowa. He married Belle Farrell in 1880.
2. Eli Eldredge Corson, born 1859 in Jasper County, Iowa. He married Dilannah Farrell in 1884.
3. Charles Corson, born 1862 in Jasper County, Iowa.
4. Grant Corson, born 1865 in Jasper County, Iowa.
5. Jessie Corson, born 1870 in Jasper County, Iowa.
6. Albert Corson, born 1876 in Crawford County, Iowa.
[Scanner's note:  Correction made.]

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-1926-

SPARKS FAMILIES LISTED ON THE 1810 CENSUS OF PENNSYLVANIA

In the QUARTERLY of September 1976 (Vol. XXIV, No. 3, Whole No. 95, p. 1854) we published a record of the Sparks families appearing on the Pennsylvania census of 1800. Here we list those appearing in 1810. It is interesting to note that, whereas in 1800 there were 20 households in Pennsylvania headed by persons named Sparks, in 1810 this number had been reduced to 17.

The 1810 federal census contains the same information about households as did that of 1800; readers are referred to the introduction appearing on page 1853 to that 1800 census. Only the name of the head of the household was recorded. The rest of the family, including anyone who happened to be living in the household at the time, was enumerated by sex and by age group. The head of the household, whose name was recorded, was included in this enumeration.

In the first issue of the QUARTERLY (March 1953) we listed the names of the persons named Sparks appearing on the 1790 census of Pennsylvania. In the March 1977 issue (Vol. XXV, No. 1, Whole No. 97, pp. 1882-1883) we listed those appearing on the 1830 census of the state.
 
 
  Males Females
 . 0
10
10
16
16
26
26
45
45
up
||| ||| 0
10
10
16
16
26
26
45
45
up
Allegheny County . . . .  |||  . . . . .
 Elizabeth Township . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
  Andrew Sparks (352)  0  0  0  1  0  |||  1  0  1  1  0
. . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
Bedford County . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
 Providence Township . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
  Solomon Sparks (20) Family 78  2  1  2  0  1  |||  1  2  2  0  1
  Joseph Sparks (21) Family 93  0  1  2  1  1  |||  0  1  2  1  0
  Jas. Sparks (23) Family 239  3  1  0  0  1  |||  1  1  0  1  0
  Chloe Sparks (24) Family 243  0  0  1  0  0  |||  0  0  0  1  0
. . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
Fayette County . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
 German Township . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
  John Sparks  0  0  1  0  0  |||  2  1  0  0  0
0
10
10
16
16
26
26
45
45
up
||| ||| 0
10
10
16
16
26
26
45
45
up
Fayette County (cont.) . . . .  |||  . . . . .
 Washington Township . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
  Isaac Sparks (59)  0  1  2  0  1  |||  1  2  0  0  1
  John Sparks (59)  0  0  1  0  0  |||  0  0  1  0  0
. . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
Philadelphia County . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
 City of Philadelphia . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
  Mark's Lane . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
   John Sparke (114)  2  0  0  1  0  |||  2  0  0  1  0
. . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
  Dock Ward . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
   Sarah Sparks (197)  1  2  1  0  0  |||    2  0  2  1  0
   Henry Sparks (198)  0  1  1  1  0  |||    2  2  1  1  0

***************
-1927-

SPARKS FAMILIES LISTED ON THE 1810 CENSUS OF PENNSYLVANIA,continued:
 
 
Males Females
 . 0
10
10
16
16
26
26
45
45
up
||| ||| 0
10
10
16
16
26
26
45
45
up
Philadelphia County, continued: . . . .  |||  . . . . .
 East Southwark . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
  David Sparks (91)  2  0  2  0  1  |||  0  2  1  1  0
 West Southwark . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
  Samuel Sparks (118)  1  0  0  2  1  |||  0  0  1  0  0
 North Liberties . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
  Robert Sparks (157)  1  1  0  0  1  |||  1  0  0  1  0
. . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
Washington County . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
 Strabane Township . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
  James Sparks (12)  3  0  0  1  0  |||  2  0  0  1  0
 Hopewell Township . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
  William B. Sparks (53)  2  1  0  0  1  |||  3  1  0  1  0
 Nottingham Township . . . . .  ||| . . . . .
  William Sparks (71)  0  0  0  0  1  |||  0  0  0  0  1

*  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *

RICHARD SPARKS, BORN ca. 1700, INDENTURED SERVANT

A volume entitled A List of Emigrants from England to America, 1718-1759, compiled by Jack and Marion Kaminkow, published by the Magna Charta Book Company in Baltimore in 1964, contains a reference found in the compilers' research in England to a Richard Sparks who was 34 years old in 1734 (thus born about 1700). He was a carpenter from the parish of Bristol. In order to come to America, this Richard Sparks indentured himself to work for four years after his arrival to pay for his passage. His passage was paid by a Neale MacNeale of London to the Colony of Jamaica. His indentured service was to begin on August 12, 1734.

We have no knowledge of this Richard Sparks beyond this record.

*  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *

CORRECTION: On page 1892 of the March 1977 issue of the QUARTERLY (Vol. XXV, No. 1, Whole No. 97) we published a brief biography of John Sparks, the 10th governor of Nevada. The biography was abstracted from the 1937 edition of the National Cyclo- pedia of American Biography. Included in the biography was a statement that Governor Sparks had served in the Union Array during the Civil War. We have been informed that this is an erroneous statement, and that actually Governor John Sparks served in a military unit known as Walker's Texas Greyhounds which was a part of Hood's Texas Brigade, Confederate States Army.

**********
-1928-

SPARKS FAMILIES LISTED ON THE 1830 CENSUS OF VIRGINIA

In a previous issue of the QUARTERLY we published records of Sparks households that appeared on the 1810 and the 1820 Virginia censuses. Both were published in the September 1967 issue (Vol. XV, No. 3, Whole No. 59, pp. 1090 -1093). In the issue for September 1974 (Vol. xxII, No. 4, Whole No. 88, p. 1790) additions to the 1810 census were provided from tax lists, nearly 20 county census records for 1810 having been lost.

As has been explained in previous issues of the QUARTERLY, a federal census has been taken every ten years since 1790. Until 1850, however, only the head of each household was recorded by name. The rest of the household was simply enumerated by sex and age group. The introduction to the 1830 census of Georgia, appearing on page 1880 of the March 1977 issue of the QUARTERLY, may prove helpful in interpreting the record which follows.

In comparing the list of Sparks families appearing on the 1820 census with that of 1830, it is interesting to note that, whereas in 1820 there were 23 Sparks households, the number in 1830 was only 17. This decrease can probably b e accounted for by the westward migration that took place between 1820 and 1830.

It should be kept in mind that until the Civil War, West Virginia was part Virginia.  Sparks families were found in four counties in 1830, which, after 1863, have been part of West Virginia: Harrison County, Monongalia County, Nicholas County, and Preston County.
 
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 |||
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Harrison County  . .  ||| .
 Solomon Sparks (336)  1  1  1  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  1  2  1  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0
 Mary Sparks (337)  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  0  1  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lee County . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 Nancy Sparks (320)  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  1  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 Ephriam Sparks (321)  2  2  1  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  0  0  0  0  1  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Madison County . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 Henry Sparks (24)  0  2  2  0  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  |||  1  1  0  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0
 Thomas Sparks (24)  1  0  0  0  0  1  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  |||  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0
 Humphrey Sparks (24)  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  |||  0  0  0  0  0  1  1  0  0  0  0  0  0
 Jasper Sparks (24)  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  |||  0  0  0  0  1  2  0  1  0  0  0  0  0
 Joseph Sparks (24)  1  0  1  0  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  |||  0  0  0  0  2  1  1  0  0  0  0  0  0
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monongalia County . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 William Sparks (369)  0  1  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  1  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nicholas County . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 James E Sparks (190)  0  1  0  2  1  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  0  0  1  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0
 Charles Sparks (190)  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pittsylvania County . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 Matthew Sparks (324)  1  3  0  0   0  0   1  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  1  1  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0 0
 Thomas Sparks (330)  1  0  2  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  2  1  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  1  0  0
 Thomas Sparks (369)  1  0  2  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  2  1  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  1  0  0
(Note:  pages 330 and 369 are apparently duplicates.)

***************
-1929-

SPARKS FAMILIES LISTED ON THE 1830 CENSUS OF VIRGINIA, continued:
 
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Preston County                          |||                        
 Jacob Spark (25)  1  1  1  1  1  |||  2  1  3  1
 |||
Richmond County  |||
 George Sparks (88)  1  |||  1  1
 |||
Washington County  |||
 Reuben H Sparks(138)  1  1  1  |||  2  2  1  1

*  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *
HENRY SPARKS (1753-1836) HONORED

Since 1949, the Kentucky Historical Society, with the help of the Kentucky Highway Department, has erected markers throughout the state indicating historical sites or incidents. On June 12, 1977, the Society unveiled a marker at Monterey, Owen County, Kentucky, near the homeplace of Henry Sparks (1753 -1836) who was a member of the bodyguard of General George Washington. The inscription on the marker is as follows:

GEN. WASHINGTON'S GUARD

3rd Corp. Henry Sparks (1753-1836) was Revolutionary War soldier from Virginia; served with Commander-in-Chief's Guard, "the flower and pick of American army." While with this bodyguard, Sparks fought at the battles of Brandywine and Germantown. Discharged at Valley Forge in 1778. Came to Kentucky, 1795; settled in present Owen Co., 1800. Buried at Sparks Bottom.
(See the QUARTERLY of June 1957 (Vol. V, No. 2, Whole No. 18) and December 1960 (Vol. VIII, No. 4, Whole No. 32) for articles pertaining to Henry Sparks, his ancestors and descendants.)

CORRECTIONS OF THE 1820 AND 1840 CENSUSES OF HENRY COUNTY, KENTUCKY
In the March 1965 issue of the QUARTERLY, (Vol. XIII, No. l, Whole No. 49, page 892) we failed to list three Sparks families that appear on the 1820 census of Henry County, Kentucky. This missing information was published in the QUARTERLY of March 1976 (Vol. XXIV, No. 1, Whole No. 93, page 1813). We now find that an error was made in our listing of Sparks families on the 1840 census of Henry County, Kentucky. This record appears in the December 1966 issue (Vol. XIV, No. 4, Whole No. 56, page 1028). We listed the names of four persons named Sparks (Henry, Humphrey, and two Sparkses named John) as residents of Henderson County. Actually there was no one named Sparks listed on the 1840 census of Henderson County. These four families should have been listed under Henry County, along with the other six Sparks families that are listed. Members are requested to change the heading of Henderson County on page 1828 to Henry County. We sincerely regret this error which resulted from the microfilm having been "spliced" with the incorrect heading.
[Scanner's note:  Corrections made and references entered.]

***************
-1930-

SPARKS FAMILIES LISTED ON THE 1840 CENSUS OF LOUISIANA

When the federal census of 1840 was taken, the state of Louisiana was divided into 37 parishes (a Louisiana parish is no different from a county in other states). There were Sparks (including Spark) families living in eight of these 37 parishes.

The census taker in 1840 was instructed to record households in exactly the same manner as in 1830. Only the name of the head of the household or family was recorded; all other members were simply enumerated, first by sex then by age group. Individuals employed by the family were usually counted along with actual family members. Whoever happened to be home that day reported to the census taker the information that he requested. On occasion, if no one was home or the census taker was reluctant to travel to a remote residence, information might be supplied by a neighbor. Occasional errors were unavoidable - - ages were sometimes miscalculated, the name of the family head might be misspelled, and, occasionally, a family was missed altogether. Despite these shortcomings, census records constitute a most important source for genealogical research.
 
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Assumption Parish .  |||  84
 W. H. Sparks (291)  2  2  1  0  1  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  1  0  0  0  1  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Calcasieu Parish . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 John Sparks (78)  1  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  1  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jefferson Parish . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  L. Sparks (233)  1  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lafourche Parish . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  Mark Sparks (22)  0  0  1  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  0  0  0  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Natchitoches Parish . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . .
  Daniel Sparks (165)  0  0  0  0  0   1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  0   0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0 
  Matthew Sparks (180)  1  0  1  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  0   1  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 (NS in last row represents the Number of Slaves
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Pointe Coupe Parish .  |||  .
 John Sparks (193)  0  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0   |||  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  1 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
St. Mary Parish . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 Daniel P. Sparks (332)  0  0  0  0   3  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0 46
 Shearod Sparks (332)  0  0  0  0  2  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  |||   1  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Terrebonne Parish . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ||| . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 M. Vive Sparks (33)  0  1  2  0  0  1  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  |||  2  1  1  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0

*  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *
***************
-1931-

UNION SOLDIERS NAMED SPARKS WHO APPLIED, OR WHOSE HEIRS APPLIED, FOR

PENSIONS FOR SERVICE IN THE CIVIL WAR continued:

(Editor's note: From time to time we have been publishing abstracts of the pension files of Union soldiers who served in the Civil War. A great many Union soldiers and their widows (sometimes parents and children) received Federal pensions for their service and the papers comprising their files in the National Archives in Washington contain fascinating records of both historical and genealogical significance. We have an index of all of the pension files for persons named Sparks that was compiled for us a number of years ago by Carrie Grant Heppen (now deceased). There are over 600 names on this list. For $3.00 it is possible to request that a clerk in the National Archives select and xerox the papers in a given file that appear to the clerk to have genealogical importance. It is also possible to obtain xerox copies of all the papers in a file, but the cost can run from $10.00 to $25.00 depending upon the number. If members of the Association have Sparks ancestors who served in the Civil War, we shall be glad to obtain xerox copies ($3.00 search) and publish an abstract in the QUARTERLY.

Dr. Paul E. Sparks, President of our Association, has obtained a number of these files (selected papers) and has abstracted them for publication. We shall use these as space permits, but it will be many, many years before we can publish all 600. It must be remembered in reading these abstracts that we have been limited to those papers which a clerk in the National Archives has considered significant.)
 
 
PHILEMON E. SPARKS (also called Leman) was born in August 1844 in Ohio, son of Erastus and Pleme A. (Moore) Sparks. He married Delia Etta Burchard on June 16, 1867 in Washtenaw County, Michigan. He served in Co. F, 20th Regiment Michigan Infantry. File Designations: Inv. Cert. No. 871,142; Wid. Cert. No. 458,053.

Philemon E. Sparks, aged 45, a resident of Jackson, Michigan, made application for an invalid pension on July 25, 1889. He stated that he was enrolled on July 25, 1862, in Company F, 20th Regiment Michigan Infantry, commanded by Capt. S. P. Warner, and was discharged at the College Hospital, Annapolis, Maryland, on July 15, 1865. At the time of his enlistment, he was 17 years of age; he was 5 feet, 5 inches tall and he had dark hair, blue eyes and light complexion.

Sparks said that on or about May 1, 1864, he contracted typhoid fever and was sent to College Hospital, Annapolis, Maryland, where he remained for over a year. The disease had affected his kidneys and stomach and he had never fully recovered from the illness. Prior to his enlistment, he had been a miller, but he was now able to do only a partial day's work. John F. Jackson and George E. Jackson witnessed his signature and the application was sworn to before H. Don Blakeman, Clerk of the Jackson County Circuit Court.

Sparks's military service was confirmed by the War Department on September 28, 1889. He was enrolled on August 4, 1862, at Grass Lake, Michigan, in Company F, 20th Regiment Michigan Volunteers to serve for three years or during the war. He was present for duty until April 23, 1864, when he was reported "absent-left sick at Annapolis, Md."  He continued to be reported the same until he was mustered out from the U.S.G. Hospital, Annapolis, Md., on July 15, 1865.

On November 7, 1889, Daniel N. Beardsley, age 47, a resident of Brooklyn, Michigan, made an affidavit to support Sparks's claim. He said that he was Sparks's bunkmate when Sparks took sick with typhoid fever in May 1864, and that after Sparks returned home, they became good friends. Sparks complained frequently about the pains in his stomach and his kidneys caused by the illness while in the military service. Beardsley's mark was witnessed by John A. Fabrique and H. Torensen. The affidavit was sworn to before John F. Jackson, a notary public, who added the following note: "Signed by mark because right arm is off at the shoulder."

**************
-1932

PHILEMON E. SPARKS, CIVIL WAR PENSION APPLICATION, continued:

Four days later, Lewis H. Brown, age 45, a resident of Norvell, Michigan, and a former comrade of Philemon Sparks, made a similar affidavit in his behalf.

On January 20, 1891, Mary A. Olds, age 59, a resident of Jackson, Michigan, testified that she had known Philemon E. Sparks for 24 years and that "he was seriously troubled with his stomach often spitting or vomiting of his food. Had to be careful what he ate... . I have known him continuously ever since being in the family a good deal and living neighbor to him." Minnie E. Gifford notarized the statement.

On January 26, 1891, Daniel B. Bentley, age 64, a resident of Grand Crossing, Cook County, Illinois, made an affidavit to support Sparks's application. He said he had worked as a millwright for Sparks and for his father. He knew that Sparks had severe stomach trouble and had often seen him spit up or vomit his food and become so ill that he could not perform his work. Henry Luther notarized the affidavit.

Invalid Certificate No. 871,142 was issued to Philemon E. Sparks and he was placed on the pension roll. He died on March 3, 1895. On March 25, 1895, his widow, Delia Etta Sparks, aged 44, a resident of Chelsea, Michigan, applied for a widow's pension. She said she was married to Philemon E. Sparks on June 16, 1867, at Sylvan Centre, Washtenaw County, Michigan, by the Rev. H. M. Gallup. Only one child born to them was under the age of 16 when her husband died, namely, Emma Belle Sparks, born November 27,'1889. George J. Crowell and Wesley Canfield witnessed her signature.
Widow Certificate No. 458,053 was issued to Delia Etta Sparks and she was placed on the pension roll. When she died in the spring of 1906, she was receiving 8.00 per month.

(Editor's Note: Philemon E. Sparks, also called Leman, was born in August 1844, according to a biographical sketch of his father, Erastus Sparks, appearing on page 931 of the History of Jackson County, Michigan, published in 1881 by the Interstate Publishing Company. Erastus Sparks, father of Philemon E. Sparks, was born in Cortland County, New York, on August 19, 1820, and was married in Trumbull County, Ohio, to Pheme A. Moore on September 6, 1843. The parents of Erastus Sparks were Erastus and Philatha (Higgins) Sparks--his grandparents were Isaiah and Filisity (Dawset) Spark$. See the QUARTERLY of September 1965, Vol. XIII, No. 3, Whole No. 51, pp. 916-24 for a record of this family.)
 
 
JOSEPH H. SPARKS was born at Lynn, Massachusetts. He married Mary Ann Jones on November 26, 1846. He served in Company A, 1st Regiment Mass. Cavalry. File Designation: Wid. Cert. No. 11,709.

On July 8, 1863, Mary A. Sparks, 38 years of age, a resident of Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts, made application for a widow's pension under the 1862 Act of Congress. She said she was the widow of Joseph H. Sparks whom she had married on November 26, 1846. He had served in Company A, 1st Regiment Mass. Cavalry, commanded by Captain Higginson, and had died at Aldie, Virginia, on June 22, 1863, of wounds received in battle. He left her with four children under sixteen years of age: Josephine F. Sparks, 14; Hattie A. Sparks, 11; Lettie Sparks, 6; and George E. Sparks, 3. She appointed Horatio Woodman, Boston, Mass., as her attorney. John Sparks and Jacob Collyer witnessed her signature and the application was sworn to before Henry C. Oliver, Clerk of the Lynn Police Court.

On the same day, John Sparks and Jacob Collyer also made a joint affidavit to support Mrs. Sparks's application. They said they had known Joseph H. Sparks for more than twenty years and knew of his death on June 22, 1863, because they read an account of it in a newspaper and also heard the Mayor of Lynn read a telegram announcing the death. They said Sparks had left four children under sixteen years of age. The affidavit was sworn to before Oliver B. Coolidge, a Justice of the Peace in Essex County, Massachusetts.

***************
-1933-

JOSEPH H. SPARKS, CIVIL WAR PENSION APPLICATION, continued:

On July 8, 1863, Benjamin H. Jones, Clerk of Lynn, Mass., made a copy of a marriage record showing the Joseph H. Sparks and Mary Ann Jones, both of Lynn, were married on November 26, 1846, by the Rev. Thomas Driver.

On September 3, 1863, the War Department confirmed the military service of Joseph H. Sparks. He was mustered into Company A, 1st Regiment Massachusetts Cavalry on September 3, 1862, at Cambridge, Mass., to serve for three years or during the war. He was reported on the muster roll of Company A for May and June 1863 with the following remark: "Killed in action at Aldie, Virginia, on June 19, 1863."

On December 28, 1863, Mary A. Sparks was issued Widow Certificate No. 11,709 and she was placed on the pension roll at the rate of $8.00 per month. On January 6, 1864, three of her children were also declared eligible for pension benefits at the rate of $2.00 each per month until they reached their sixteenth birthdays. They were: Hattie Sparks, born June 30, 1852; Lettia Sparks, born October 8, 1856; and George E. Sparks, born August 11, 1860.

On November 7, 1866, Mary A. Sparks, age 40, now a resident of Malden, Massachusetts, applied for increased pension benefits under the 1866 Act of Congress. Accompanying her application were the birth records of three of her children taken from the vital records of Lynn and sent to the Bureau of Pensions by Benjamin H. Jones, Clerk of the City of Lynn. The records showed the following:

Harriet Augusta Sparks was born on June 30, 1852.
Letitia Sparks was born on Oct. 8, 1856.
George Everett Sparks was born on Aug. 11, 1860.
The children had been born to Joseph H. Sparks and to Mary A. Sparks. He was born in Lynn and was a cordwainer. She was born at St. George, Maine. Nothing was sent from the pension file to indicate what action was taken on this latter application.
 
WINSHIP W. SPARKS, son of James and Hepsebah Sparks, was born about 1836 in Maine. He married (1) Martha Carlton and (2) Minerva J. R - - - - -.  He served in Company H, 3d Regt. Maine Volunteers. File Designations: Inv. Cert. No. 192,458; Wid. Cert. No. 561,956.

On December 10, 1873, Winship W. Sparks, aged 38, a resident of Bowdoinham, Maine, made a reapplication for an invalid pension. He stated that on June 3, 1861, he had enlisted at Bowdoinham, Maine, in Company B, 3rd Regiment Maine Volunteers, commanded by Capt. E. A. Batchelder, and had served until he was mustered out on June 28, 1864. He said that because of the military service, he had lost the sight of one eye completely, and the vision of the other eye was badly impaired. He had been treated in the Regimental Hospital, the Georgetown, D.C., Hospital, and at Camp Parole, Annapolis, Maryland. He appointed Henry Boynton, Augusta, Maine, as his attorney. Henry Sewall and Fred Gannett witnessed him make his mark and the application was sworn to before Wm. M. Stratton, Clerk of Kennebec County Supreme Judicial Court.

The military service of Sparks was confirmed by the War Department on November 30, 1874. He was mustered into military service at Augusta, Maine, on June 3, 1861, in Company B, 3rd Regiment Maine Volunteers to serve for three years or during the war. He was reported "absent-sick" in August 1861 at Washington and at Baltimore, but was returned to duty in December 1861. On December 13, 1862, he was reported as "missing in action" at Fredericksburg, Virginia, but was paroled on January 19, 1863. He was reported as a paroled prisoner at Annapolis, Maryland, until December 1863 and then was returned to duty. He was mustered out of the service with his company on June 28, 1864.

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-1934-

WINSHIP W. SPARKS, CIVIL WAR PENSION APPLICATION, continued:

Invalid Certificate No. 192,458 was issued to Winship W. Sparks and he was placed on the pension roll. He died on August 16, 1897.

On May 23, 1900, Minerva J. Sparks, aged 63, a resident of Bowdoinham, Maine, applied for a widow's pension. She said she and Winship Sparks had been married on April 21, 1880, at Bowdoinham by the Rev. M. McIntire. She had not been married previously, but her husband had been married before and his wife had died in 1870. She appointed J. B. Cralle & Co., Washington, D.C., as her attorneys. William R. Fairclough and Thomas G. Herbert witnessed her signature.

In November 1900, Lewis M. Fulten and Elmer E. Small, tax assessors of Bowdoinham, Maine, stated that in 1899 Minerva J. Sparks's real estate was valued at @1200 and her personal property was valued at $128.  Mrs. Sparks also stated that she owned a small farm, one horse, one cow, one heifer
and six sheep from which she derived a small income which was her sole support.  She owed her hired man $100 for work he had already done. She owned no stocks, bonds, or notes. She said she had no children, either minor or of age.

Two sisters of Winship W. Sparks wrote supporting statements for Minerva J. Sparks. On February 4, 1903, Mrs. J. C. Richardson, Roxbury, Massachusetts, wrote: "Dear Sister. I am Winship's sister and am 71 years old. He was my youngest brother but one. He was never married but once when he married you. His first wife's name was Martha Carlton of N.H." The letter was sworn to before John H. Townsend, a justice of the peace of Boston, Mass. On June 11, 1903, Rachel W. Wilson, aged 80, Bowdoinham, Maine, stated that she had known Winship W. Sparks since he was born , being a sister. He was not married but once prior to marrying his present widow, Minerva J. Sparks.

Widow Certificate No. 561,956 was issued to Minerva J. Sparks and she was placed on the pension rolls. When she died on September 16, 1904, she was receiving $8.00 per month.

(Editor's note: James Sparks, the father of Winship W. Sparks, was a veteran of the War of 1812. See the March 1961 issue of the QUARTERLY, Whole No. 33, Vol. IX, No. 1, for an abstract of his application for bounty land (p. 543) and the December 1968 issue, Vol. XVI, No. 4, Whole No. 64, pp. 1201-02 for a record of his death as well as other Sparkses of Bowdoinham, Maine.)
 
GEORGE W. SPARKS, son of William Henry Harrison Sparks and Eliza (Hosea) Sparks, was born on April 17, 1841, in Jackson County, Ind. He died on July 29, 1920. He married (1) Nancy A. Shortridge on May 1, 1862, and (2) Elizabeth Simmons on Feb. 16, 1871. He served Co. G, 25th Regt. Indiana Infantry. File Designation: Inv. Cert. No. 484,538.

George W. Sparks received a certificate of disability for discharge dated February 23, 1862, at St. Louis, Missouri. According to the certificate, he enlisted on July 15, 1861, at Medora, Indiana, under Capt. John W. Poole in Co. G, 25th Regiment Indiana Infantry Volunteers to serve for three years. He was 20 years of age; he was 5 feet, 10 inches tall; he had black eyes, dark hair and a dark complexion; and he was a farmer. Capt. Poole went on to say that Sparks had been unfit for duty for 60 days because of typhoid fever which had hospitalized him at Jefferson City, Missouri, on September 26, 1861, and which had caused him to be left behind and unable to accompany his company. Capt. Poole issued the certificate on March 3, 1862, at Fort Donaldson, Tennessee. When the certificate reached the 4th Street Hospital at St. Louis, the surgeon who examined Sparks concurred with Capt. Poole's decision and Sparks was discharged retroactively to February 22, 1862, at St. Louis, Missouri.

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-1935-

GEORGE W. SPARKS, CIVIL WAR PENSION APPLICATION, continued:

On or about August 23, 1886, George W. Sparks applied for an invalid pension, but a copy of the application was not included in the documents sent by the National Archives from his pension file. His military service, including his hospitalization, was confirmed on March 2, 1887, by the War Department, but his claim was denied.

On September 2, 1889, Sparks was examined by Henry C. Dixon, a physician at Tunnelton, Indiana. Dr. Dixon found Sparks's heart beat to be accelerated and that he had abcesses on his shoulders and legs which Dixon thought were caused by typhoid fever. The affidavit was sworn to before Charles A. Knight, a notary public. Sparks also made an affidavit to support his claim. He said that on August 23, 1886, he had applied for a pension and had appointed Thomas Boyatt as his attorney, but that the application had been rejected, whereupon Boyatt had abandoned the claim. Sparks asked that his claim be reviewed and appointed John C. Wells of Seymour, Indiana, as his attorney.

Four undated affidavits were submitted by comrades of Sparks to support his claim. Jacob L. Hinkle, age 51, a resident of Mooney, Indiana, stated that he was a 2nd lieutenant in Sparks's company and was with him when he was hospitalized at Jefferson City, Missouri, with typhoid fever. The fever attack was so severe that Sparks eventually was sent home. Since that time, he had gradually weakened, particularly in his left leg and knee and in his left hip joint where the fever had settled. Hinkle said the disability had rendered Sparks able to perform only limited manual labor. Hinkle's observations about Sparks were concurred in by three other fellow soldiers. They were Fielding H. McHargue, 49, of Medora, Indiana; Anderson Parris, 45, of Sparksville, Indiana; and Theodore Bridgewater, 47, of Emison, Indiana. All of them gave similar testimony about Sparks's military service and his disability.

Apparently the testimony of Sparks's former comrades was convincing for he was issued Invalid Certificate No. 484,538 and placed on the pension rolls.

On September 30, 1897, February 4, 1898, and March 25, 1915, George Sparks responded to questionnaires sent from the Bureau of Pensions. He stated that he had been born on April 16, 1841, in Jackson County, Indiana, and that he had been married twice. His first marriage was to Nancy A. Shortridge on May 1, 1862, in Jackson County, Indiana. She had died on April 15, 1869. He was married (second) to Elizabeth Simmons on February 16, 1871, at Vernon, Jennings County, Indiana, by the Rev. John Stout. She had died on May 10, 1897, at Elwood, Indiana. He had five children:

William Henry Sparks, born May 10, 1863
Mary Ida Sparks, born September 14, 1866
Italy Clyde Sparks, born March 23, 1869; died October 14, 1869.
Edith Sparks, born March 5, 1872
George Leslie Sparks, born July 29, 1875
On May 7, 1902, George W. Sparks asked for a review of his pension under the 1900 Act of Congress. He was 61 years of age and was living in the National Military Home at Marion, Grant County, Indiana. He appointed John 0. Frame as his attorney. When George W. Sparks died on July 29, 1920, at the National Military Home, he was receiving a pension of $32.00 per month.

(Editor's Note: George W. Sparks was a son of William Henry Harrison Sparks and Eliza (Hosea) Sparks; he was a grandson of Stephen Sparks (1775-1851) of Jefferson County, Kentucky, and Jackson County, Indiana. His great-grandfather was James Sparks (ca.1752-1834) of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and Indiana. For details about Stephen Sparks, his grandfather, see the QUARTERLY of December 1963, Vol. XI, No. 4, Whole No. 44, pp. 781-83. The records of James Sparks's service in the American  Revolution were published in the September 1954 issue of the QUARTERLY, Vol. II, No. 3, Whole No. 7, pp. 40-45.)

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-1936-

THOMAS SPARKS, son of Matthew Brooks and Nancy (Sutton) Sparks, born about 1827, died Sept. 18, 1864. He married Sarah Ann Harp on July 2, 1848, in Morgan County, Ill. He served in Co. C, 14th Regt. Illinois Infantry. File Designation: Wid. Cert. No. 73,699; Minor Cert. No. 175,055.

Thomas Sparks enlisted in Company C, 14th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, commanded by Capt. A. H. Cornman, on May 25, 1861, at Jacksonville, Illinois, for a period of three years. He was given a disability discharge for chronic diabetes on August 20, 1862, at Memphis, Tennessee. According to the discharge certificate, he was 34 years of age and was born in Bedford County, Tennessee. He was 5 feet, 10 inches tall; had a light complexion, gray eyes and dark hair, and he was a farmer by occupation.

On July 8, 1864, Thomas Sparks made application for a invalid pension claiming that during the fall of 1861 and the spring of 1862, while on duty in Missouri and Tennessee, he had contracted diabetes for which he had received a disability discharge and which had left him totally disabled. He stated that he was living near Girard, Illinois. A. S. Mayfield witnessed the application and Thomas M. Metcalf and B. P. Andrews attested it. The application received the number of 48,562.

Thomas Sparks apparently did not live long enough to receive a pension for he died on September 18, 1864, from his illness. On August 15, 1865, his widow, Sarah Ann Sparks, made application for a widow's pension. She stated that she was 33 years of age and lived near Girard, Illinois. She had been married to Thomas Sparks on July 2, 1848, in Morgan County, Illinois, under her maiden name, Sarah Ann Harp by C. Daulton, a justice of the peace. She and Thomas Sparks had the following children under the age of 16 at the time of his death: Matthew A. Sparks, born Aug. 2, 1850; Mary E. Sparks, born Sept. 28, 1851; William E. T. Sparks, born Jan. 4, 1854; John S. Sparks, born March 25, 1856; Nancy E. Sparks, born July 27, 1860; and George H. Sparks, born June 13, 1862. W. E. Eastham and G. D. Eastham attested the application and a copy of the marriage license of Thomas and Sarah Ann was forwarded at the same time by John Trabue, Morgan County, Ill., clerk.

The Adjutant General's Office confirmed the military record of Thomas Sparks and a widow's pension was issued to Sarah Ann Sparks. Then, in November 1866, she applied for an increase in the pension under the provisions of the Act of Congress of July 1866. She stated that the list of her children by Thomas Sparks, as set forth in her earlier application was accurate except that Harriet L. Sparks, her daughter by Thomas Sparks, was over 16 years of age at the time of the death of Thomas Sparks and Matthew A. Sparks, her son by Thomas Sparks, had reached the age of 16 on Aug. 2, 1866. James M. and Nancy Petterson made a joint affidavit that they had been present at the birth of John S. Sparks on March 25, 1856, and the birth of Nancy E. Sparks on July 27, 1860, both of them children of Sarah Ann Sparks by her husband, Thomas Sparks, deceased. They said that Sarah Ann Sparks had not remarried. John Black and George Heustis witnessed the affidavit which was notarized by L. B. Ross, a justice of the peace.

At the March 1876 term of the Morgan County, Illinois, Court, James Wood was appointed guardian of George H. Sparks and Nancy E. Sparks, minor heirs of Thomas Sparks, deceased, and the following month, on April 8, 1876, he and Sarah Ann Sparks (now Sarah Ann Jackson) appeared before Samuel M. Martin, clerk of the Morgan County Court, and jointly made application for a pension for Nancy E. Sparks and George H. Sparks, minor children of Thomas Sparks, deceased. They stated that Sarah Ann Sparks, widow of Thomas Sparks, had drawn a widow's pension until April 1873, at which time she had married John A. Jackson. The only children of Thomas Sparks who were under age
16 were Nancy E. Sparks and George H. Sparks. W. H. Wright and James A. Fay attested the application which was signed by both James Wood and Sarah A. Jackson. Minor Certificate No. 175,055, dated April 11, 1876, was issued to the guardian of the children, James Wood.

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-1937-

(Editor's note: Thomas Sparks, who was born about 1827, was a son of Matthew Brooks and Nancy (Sutton) Sparks who had been married in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, in December 1803. Matthew Brooks Sparks, father of Thomas, was born about 1780 in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, and died in Morgan County, Illinois, in 1845; he had served in the War of 1812 and his widow, Nancy (Sutton) Sparks, had applied for bounty land based on this service. Her application and other papers were abstracted and published, along with notes on this family, in the March 1962 issue of the QUARTERLY, Vol. X, No. 1, Whole No. 37, pp. 636-37. Matthew Brooks Sparks was a son of Matthew and Kezia (Stone) Sparks as proven by a deed dated July 12, 1811, on file in Pittsylvania County (Book 17, p. 483). From this deed we know that Matthew and Kezia (Stone) Sparks were the parents of (1) Matthew Brooks Sparks; (2) Edmond Sparks who married Patsey Wright in 1804; (3) John Sparks who married Judah Dodson in 1807; (4) Jane Sparks who married William Duncan in 1811; (5) Nelly Sparks; (6) Nancy Sparks who married John Ware in 1811; and (7) Thomas Sparks. This family was closely related to the Addison Sparks who is the subject of the first article in this issue of the QUARTERLY.

When the 1850 census of Morgan County, Illinois, was taken, Thomas and Sarah Sparks were listed with their one-year-old daughter, Harriet Sparks. Nancy Sparks, mother of Thomas, was living with them. From this pension file, we know that the children of Thomas and Sarah Ann (Harp) Sparks were:

1. Harriet L. Sparks, born about 1849.
2. Matthew A. Sparks, born August 2, 1850.
3. Mary E. Sparks, born September 28, 1851.
4. William E. T. Sparks, born January 4, 1854.
5. John S. Sparks, born March 25, 1856.
6. Nancy E. Sparks, born July 27, 1860.
7. George H. Sparks, born June 13, 1862.
 SAMUEL SPARKS,  was born about 1832, probably in Ohio. He died on Feb. 24, 1884. He was married to Margaret Lechner on April 3, 1856, in Carroll County, Ohio. He served in Co. D, 87th Regt. Illinois Infantry. File Desig nation: Wid. Cert. No. 252,088.

On September 5, 1884, Margaret Sparks, age 49, a resident of Mount Erie, Illinois, appeared before John Kuster, clerk of Richland County (Ill.) Circuit Court, and applied for a widow's pension. She said she had married Samuel Sparks on April 3, 1856, in Carroll County, Ohio, and that he had served in Company D, 87th Regiment Illinois Infantry during the War of 1861. He had died on February 24, 1884, from a disease of the kidneys contracted during his military service. She said that her marriage was the first one for her and it was also the first for her husband. They had no children.  She appointed R. N. McCauley of Olney, Illinois, as her attroney.  Joshua L. MItchell , Jasper F. Moutray, Peter Rule and C. W. Burgess witnessed the application.

The War Department confirmed Sparks's military service on April 4, 1885. He was 30 years old when he enrolled on August 13, 1862, at Mount Erie, Illinois, as a corporal in Company D, 87th Regiment Illinois Volunteers for a period of three years. He was absent-sick at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, from July 16, 1863, to April 30, 1864, with diarrhea and intermittent fever. He was absent-sick in the U.S. Marine Hospital, New Orleans, Louisiana, during September and October 1864 with typhoid fever. He was mustered out with his company on June 16, 1865, at Helena, Arkansas.

On November 23, 1886, Oliver P. Tidball, age 62, a resident of Mount Erie, Illinois, testified that as a comrade of Samuel Sparks, he knew of the periods of illness which he had had while in the service. He said that he also knew of his disability after he came home that had prevented him from doing any manual work as a farmer.

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-1938-

SAMUEL SPARKS, CIVIL WAR PENSION APPLICATION, continued:

In the spring of 1887, William Shannon and Reason Davis, neighbors of Samuel Sparks, made affidavits that he had been incapable of performing any manual labor for several years prior to his death.

In February 1888, Margaret Sparks notified the Bureau of Pensions that she had exhausted all efforts to find a doctor who had treated her husband while in the service or after he had been discharged. She said she had made diligent inquiry, but was unable to offer any new evidence to support her claim.

The Bureau of Pensions finally issued Widow Certificate No. 252,088 to Margaret Sparks and she was placed on the pension rolls. No document was included in those supplied from this file by the National Archives to indicate the amount of the pension nor the period of time she received it.

NEW MEMBERS OF THE SPARKS FAMILY ASSOCIATION

It is a pleasure to report the names and addresses of twenty-six new members of
the SPARKS FAMILY ASSOCIATION.  These Sparks descendants have joined the Association since our last report in the June 1977 issue of the QUARTERLY.

Janeen S. Allen (Mrs. Max D.), 2234 West Arches Dr., Salt Lake City, Utah (84118)
Lula S. Banks (Mrs. Tom), 4910 Post Oak Rd., Anniston, Alabama (36201)
Vicki Begtrup (Mrs. Raymond), 16 Post Brook Road, North, West Milford, New Jersey (07480) Catherine L. Brooks (Mrs. Clarles E.), 2804 Mt. Holyoke Rd., Columbus, Ohio (43221)
Inez L. Bryan (Mrs. Paul A.), 111 West Montgomery Ave., Rockville, Maryland (20850)
Joseph W. Clark, 11402 Canyon Rd., East, Puyallup, Washington (98371)
Drusy E. Dhallin, 23 Cadillac Dr. #109, Sacramento, California (95825)
Hazel Ramsey Dillard (Mrs. James R.), 1514 Ridge Dr., Sheffield, Alabama (35660)
Mrs. Henry R. Dowdy, Rt. 3, Box 361, Catlettsburg, Kentucky (41129)
Helen L. Dreher (Mrs. Robert G.), 838 Lois Ave., Sunnyvale, California (94087)
Ruth Sparks Foster (Mrs. James W.), 3132 Redlawn Dr., Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18017
Florene Lauver (Mrs. John L.), 2823 Burlingame Rd., Topeka, Kansas (66611)
Jacqueline Lyman (Mrs. Myron E.), 15228 Crescent St., Dale City, Virginia (22193)
Irvin W. Munn, Box 946, Chickasha, Oklahoma (73018)
Eula Mae Parker (Mrs. L. V.), 310'S. Fannin St., Rockwall, Texas (75087)
Virginia R. Tugh (Mrs. Chadric A.), Rt. 2, Box 1204A, Madras, Oregon (97741)
Rebecca McKinney Reissner (Mrs. Roy J.), Rt. 1, Box 8012, Show Low, Arizona (85901)
Arthur L. Sparks, 103 N. Byron Rd., Wichita, Kansas (67212)
B. E. Sparks (Bill), 406 E. Chadich Place, McAlester, Oklahoma (74501)
Mrs. Carrie Sparks, Rt. 2, Box 365, Minford, Ohio (45653)
Charles W. Sparks, 225 Old Bridge Rd., Grand Blanc, Michigan (48439)
Delbert Sparks, 2516 Fairfield Ave., Kalamazoo, Michigan (49004)
Gloria M. Sparks, 2760-C Segerstrom, Santa Ana, California (92803)
Joseph Z. Sparks, 1509 Reed Ave., Springfield, Illinois (62704)
Ruby Spiller, 2320 West Louise St., Phoenix, Arizona (85027)
Mrs. Ted Wheeler, 1742 Lilly Lane, New Albany, Indiana (47150)
 

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Scanned and Edited by James J. Sparks