THE
SPARKS QUARTERLY
THE OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE SPARKS FAMILY ASSOCIATION

"To forget one's ancestors is to be a brook without a source, a tree without a root."
- An old Chinese proverb.


VOL. XLVI, No. 4 December 1998 WHOLE NO. 184a

 
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[Here appears a photograph, beneath which is the following caption:]

GRAVESTONE OF ELIZABETH (SPARKS) BRYAN

Old Methodist Ceinetery Near Marthasville, Warren County, Missouri

ELIZABETH
Wife of
HENRY BRYAN.
DIED
June 25, 1863
AGED
97 yrs. 11 mos.
20 ds.

Born July 5, 1765, Elizabeth was a daughter of Jonas Sparks

(View photograph)

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THE SPARKS QUARTERLY, published by The Sparks Family Association.
Paul E. Sparks, President, 155 North Hite Avenue, Louisville, Kentucky (40206-2311)
Russell E. Bidlack, Secretary-Treasurer & Editor, 1709 Cherokee Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan (48104-4448)
The Sparks Family Association was founded in March, 1953, as a non-profit organization devoted to the assembling and preserving of genealogical and historical materials pertaining to the Sparks Family in America.  It is exempt from federal income tax under the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code, Section 501(c)(7). Membership in the Association is open to all persons connected with the Sparks family, whether by blood, marriage, or adoption, and to persons interested in genealogical research. Membership falls into three classes: Active, Contributing, and Sustaining.  Active membership dues are $10.00 per year;  Contributing membership dues are $15.00 per year; and Sustaining membership dues are any amount over $15.00 that the member wishes to contribute for the support of the Association. All members receive The Sparks Quarterly as it is published in March, June, September, and December.  Back issues are kept in print and are available for $3.00 each to members and $4.00 each to non-members. The first issue of the Quarterly was published in March, 1953. Nine quinquennial  indexes have been published for the years 1953 -1957, 1958 -1962, 1963 -1967, 1968 -72, 1973 -1977, 1978-1982,1983 -1987, 1988-92, and 1993-1997.  Each index is available for $5.00. A complete file of the back issues of the Quarterly (1953-1996), including the eight indexes, may be purchased for $300.00.  The forty-five years of the Quarterly (1953 -1997) comprise a total of 4,932 pages of Sparks Family history.  The nine indexes  amount to 900 additional pages.  A table of contents is also available for $5.00.  Comprising 65 pages, this lists the articles and collections of data appearing in the Quarterly between 1953 and 1997; it is updated at the end of each year. The International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) that has been assigned to the Quarterly is ISSN 0561-5445.

Orders for individual back issues of the Quarterly, the table of contents, as well as for a complete, file should be sent to the editor, Russell E. Bidlack, 1709 Cherokee Road, Ann Arbor, MI, 48104-4498.  His telephone number is 734-662-5080, but he has no E-mail address.

THE FAMILY OF ELlZABETH (SPARKS) BRYAN (1765-1863)

On the cover of the present issue of the QUARTERLY we are using a photograph of the tombstone of Elizabeth (Sparks) Bryan (1765-1863) who was a daughter of Jonas Sparks.  A lengthy article about Jonas Sparks, who died in Rowan County, North Carolina, in 1805, was published in the QUARTERLY of March 1964 (pp. 790-94).  We had not then discovered, however, that Jonas was a son of Joseph Sparks, who had died in 1749 in Frederick County, Maryland. Joseph Sparks

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(died 1749), father of Jonas, had been the youngest son of William Sparks who had died in Queen Annes County, Maryland, in 1709.  Two articles have appeared in the QUARTERLY devoted to William Sparks (died 1709):  the March 1971 issue, Whole No. 73, pp. 1425-34; and that for December 1992, Whole No. 160, pp. 4025-34.  This William Sparks (died 1709) was thus the grandfather of Jonas Sparks.  He had been born in Hampshire County, England, ca. 1640 and is the immigrant Sparks ancestor of hundreds, if not thousands, of individuals living today .

When Jonas Sparks was about twenty years old in, we believe, the spring of 1754, he accompanied a number of his Sparks relatives in their move from Frederick County, Maryland, to the Forks of the Yadkin in North Carolina.  Rowan County then included the large area known as the Forks of the Yadkin, but the part of Rowan County where Jonas acquired land was cut off from Rowan in 1822 to form Davidson County.

The Sparks families migration from Maryland to the Yadkin River area of North Carolina was described in the QUARTERLY of December 1989 (Whole No. 148, pp. 3483-3501) in an article devoted to William Sample Sparks, a first cousin of Jonas Sparks.  Additional information about Jonas Sparks appears in an article devoted to Rachel (Sparks) Griggs, an older sister of Elizabeth (Sparks) Bryan, in the June 1997 issue of the QUARTERLY, Whole No. 178, pp. 4829-37.

The first wife of Jonas Sparks, and the mother of his children, had the forename Elizabeth, but we have not discovered her maiden name.  It is probable that they were married after Jonas came to North Carolina.  Their daughter, named Elizabeth, was probably named for her mother.

In the autumn of 1773, when Elizabeth was eight years old, Jonas Sparks and his family joined the famous frontiersman, Daniel Boone, then a near neighbor of the Sparkses, in Boone's plan to establish a settlement in what would become the state of Kentucky . In his explorations, Boone had found a "promised land" to which he would lead families seeking a new home.  Jonas Sparks and his family agreed to accompany Boone along with four other families on the "Wilderness Trail" to this "promised land."  The heads of these other four were Daniel Boone's brother, Squire Boone, and three brothers named Bryan, James, Morgan, Jr., and William.  (Daniel Boone's wife was Rebecca Bryan.)

Among these six families, there were about forty males old.enough to carry rifles, and it was they who took the lead on the party's daily march. The women and small children followed on horseback, while youngsters driving a herd of cattle brought up the rear.

Although there was concern that they might encounter hostile Indians, all went well until October 10, 1773, as they were approaching the Cumberland Gap.  Here they had to ford the Powell River.  The armed men and boys crossed first to form a line to protect the women and children as they crossed, assuming that if Indians should attack, they would do so at the front of the party.  Instead, there was an ambush, with the attack from the rear.  During the ensuing battle, six young men were killed, including Daniel Boone's oldest son.  No one in the Sparks family was killed.  In Daniel Boone's autobiography, completed in 1784, he recalled: "Though we repulsed the enemy, yet this unhappy affair scattered our cattle, brought us into extreme difficulty, and so discouraged the whole company, that we retreated" forty miles to the settlement on the Clinch River .

Based on Bryan family memories and records, a great-grandnephew of Daniel Boone, a Dr. J. D. Bryan, wrote an article entitled "The Boone-Bryan History" that was published in the 1905 Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society (Vol. 5, No. 9).  Later this was published in the form of a booklet. In this, page 17, appears the following interesting reference to eight-year-old Elizabeth Sparks:

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. . . at the time of the attack by the Indians, the company was fording Powell's River. Elizabeth Sparks, [a member of] one of the. . . families from North Carolina, then about nine years old, was riding a gentle horse and carrying a baby brother before her. She was in the midst of the river when the Indians fired on the rear guard. My great uncle [i.e. , grand uncle] Henry Bryan, at a later date, married this Elizabeth Sparks in Kentucky , and they afterwards came to Missouri , where they lived until their death. She lived to be nearly one hun dred years old. I have seen and heard her talk often. She finally died at my oldest sister's house after I was grown.


An Indian War, known as Lord Dunmore's War, broke out not long after the Boone company's retreat, and two years passed before the journey was begun again.  It appears that Jonas Sparks and his family had returned to their old home on the Yadkin River in North Carolina well before June 1775 when Daniel Boone again began his Kentucky venture.  He and his followers successfully reached the site on the Kentucky River where they built Fort Boonsborough and founded the dreamed-of settlement, but Jonas Sparks and his family were not among them.  Although Dr. Bryan stated in his account (p. 15) that Jonas Sparks (whom he mistakenly called "James" Sparks) had accompanied Boone in 1775, this is, almost certainly, not true.

On the cover of the QUARTERLY of September 1993, Whole No.163, we published a photograph of a marble stone, some fifteen feet tall, at the entrance of the reconstructed Fort Boonesborough in Madison County, Kentucky, on the four sides of which have been carved 750 names of persons credited with helping to establish this settlement.  The name of Jonas Sparks is included among the founders, and we so reported in the caption for this photograph .  When something is carved in stone , one tends to accept it as fact .  The inclusion of Jonas on this monument as a founder, we have learned, was based solely on Dr . Bryan's account.  There can be little doubt, based on official records in North Carolina, however, that Jonas Sparks was again paying taxes and farming his land back in Rowan County on the Yadkin River as early as 1774

Dr. J. D. Bryan was also mistaken in stating that his grand uncle, Henry Bryan, had been married to Elizabeth Sparks in Kentucky.  Their marriage bond had been obtained back in Rowan County, North Carolina, on February 11, 1786, with a relative named Thomas Enochs serving as bondsman.  The marriage doubtless took place a few days later.  A week earlier, on February 5, 1786, Elizabeth's father, Jonas Sparks, had obtained a Rowan County marriage bond to be married to his second wife, a widow named Mary Eakle (bondsman, Peter Little).  Jonas Sparks was actually Mary Eakle's third husband, her first husband having been Daniel Little, who had died in Rowan County in 1775.  She had then been married to Jacob Eakle in 1779, but he died in Rowan County in 1783. By her first husband, Mary (whose full name was Anne Mary) had a daughter named Mary Little who would become the wife of David Sparks, a son of Jonas. (See the QUARTER LY of March 1978, Whole No. 101, pp. 1965-84.)

Elizabeth (Sparks) Bryan's younger sister, Esther Sparks, was married in 1787 to Jesse Caton in Rowan County (marriage bond dated January 20, 1787, with Charles Caton as bondsman).  As noted above, Elizabeth Sparks was married to Henry Bryan in 1786. Born on January 27, 1761, Henry Bryan was a son of James and Rebecca (Enochs) Bryan.  James Bryan was an uncle of Rebecca (Bryan) Boone, and after the death of his wife in 1767 or 1768, his six small children were taken by Rebecca and Daniel Boone to rear, including six-year-old Henry.  Henry Bryan had been 12 years old when he accompanied the Boones on their 1773 attempt to migrate to Kentucky.

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Whereas Jonas Sparks and his family, including his daughter, Elizabeth , had returned to their North Carolina home following the Boone party's retreat to the Clinch River in the autumn of 1773, Henry Bryan had remained with the Daniel Boone family and was a member of their successful migration to Boonsborough in 1775.  When it was that Henry Bryan returned to the Forks of the Yadkin, we do not know, but as noted earlier, he was there in February 1786 when he and Elizabeth Sparks were married.  Within a year or two, however, they were living in Clark County, Kentucky, where most of their ten children were born .

Henry and Elizabeth's association with the family of Daniel Boone continued, and when Daniel's venturesome spirit prompted him and his family to be pioneers again in an area that is today in St. Charles and Warren Counties, Missouri, Henry and Elizabeth soon followed.  Other friends and relatives did, likewise, including Elizabeth's sister and her husband, Esther and Jesse Caton.  They obtained land grants from the Spanish government, Spain then ruling the area.  Ken Kamper, Historian of the Daniel Boone and Frontier FamIlies Research Association, has given us permission to quote from his "A Fact or Two on Early Missouri History" that appeared in the April 1991 issue of the Boone-Duden Historical Review (Vol. 6, No. 2).

In the area around present day Marthasville [in Warren County, Missouri] , we can still relate to a lot of Boone history.  The Spanish Land Grants of David Bryan, James Bryan, William Lamme, and Philip Miller are located in the area amongst eariler Spanish Land Grants which had been obtained by French settlers.  James Bryan, born, according to current thinking, in 1723 in Chester Co., Pennsylvania, was Rebecca Boone's uncle.  He had married Rebecca Enochs, daughter of John Ecochson and Margaret Van Nummer, who died in 1767 or 68, leaving James with three boys and three girls between the ages of one and ten. Rebecca and Daniel Boone took over the raising of the children, while James remained close by, no doubt providing support.  They were with the Boones on the first attempt to settle in Kentucky in 1773.  On this attempt the group turned back after some were killed by Indians, including the Boones' son James.  With the Boone group was the Jonas Sparks family, including 8 year old Elizabeth.  Some ten years later Elizabeth married Henry Bryan, son of James .
The Boones came to Missouri in 1799.  Soon after, James Bryan, his sons David, Jonathan, and Henry, and their families followed the Boones.  The grave of Elizabeth (Sparks) Bryan is (south) across the street from the U. C . C . Church . in Marthasville.  The sister of Elizabeth, Esther Sparks, married Jesse Caton, Sr., who brought his family to the Marthasville area in 1811.
Mr. Kamper has also noted information provided by Nadine Williams Britton showing that Henry Bryan operated a tanning yard on Tuque Creek not far from Marthasville.  Also appearing in the same publication as the above quotation, is a drawing made by Mr. Kamper in 1991 showing the area where Henry and Elizabeth (Sparks) Bryan settled, including the site of Elizabeth's grave where the photograph was taken by Mr. Kamper that appears on the cover of this issue of the QUARTERLY.  He has given us permission to reproduce his map on the following page .

According to Mr. Kamper, the gravestone of Elizabeth (Sparks) Bryan is to be found in the Old Methodist Cemetery of Marthasville, across the street from the present United Church of Christ.  He has added :  "No doubt there were many more burials in this cemetery years ago, however, only a half-dozen remain, and no record remains of the persons buried there."

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[Here appears a map, beneath which is the following caption:]

MAP OF THE MARTHASVILLE AREA OF WARREN COUNTY, MISSOURI

SHOWING THE GRAVE SITE OF ELIZABETH (SPARKS) BRYAN

Drawn by Ken Kamper

(View map)

Henry Bryan died on August 20, 1820, in that part of Montgomery County, Missouri, that became Warren County in 1833.  Elizabeth had thus been a widow for nearly 43 years when she died.  (Daniel Boone died on September 26, 1820, and was buried close to where the Bryans lived in Warren County.)

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Our record of the ehildren of Henry and Elizabeth (Sparks) Bryan is far from complete.   They are believed to have had ten children;  most were born in Kentucky.   Dr. J. D. Bryan, whom we have quoted above, is known to have compiled a Bryan "family tree," a portion of which a genealogist named J. H . Cooper included in the seventh part of an article published in the Sunday edition of the Lexington Herald in the summer of 1927.  We have used this information, along with that compiled by one of our members, Nadine Williams Britton, in the compilation of the following record.  Mrs. Britton lives at 715 Sequoia Dr., Exeter, California  93221-1314.  She descends from the daughter of Henry and Elizabeth (Sparks) Bryan named Rebecca, born on April 8, 1790, in Clark County, Kentucky.  Other data on the family of Henry and Elizabeth have been found in Lillian Hays Oliver's Some Boone DescendantsandKindred of the St. Charles District [Missouri] .

Children of Henry and Elizabeth (Sparks) Bryan:
2. Susannah Bryan was born on September 8, 1787, and died on October 18, 1854.  She was married to John Davis who had been born on April 4, 1781, in Pennsylvania and was a son of a James Davis who had migrated to Pennsylvania from Wales.  According to Lillian Hays Oliver: "In 1804, John Davis came to St. Charles Co., Missouri.  He was a great trapper and hunter and spent most of his time in the woods, often being absent for months at a time."  He "was in the company of dragoons who accompanied General William Clark up the Missouri River to Fort Osage".  Ms.  Oliver states that the papers settling his estate in 1846 are in Box 16, Vault of the Probate Court, Warrenton, Warren Co., Missouri.  His property "was appraised Dec. 8, 1846... his son James B. Davis was administrator.  The Letters of Administration of John Davis name as his heirs Susannah Davis, his widow, and the following children:  James Bryan Davis, Jonathan S. Davis, Joseph C. Davis, John H. Davis, and Elizabeth Davis."
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Children of Chester and Johanna (Bryan) Wheeler:
4. Rebecca Bryan, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth (Sparks) Bryan, was born on April 8, 1790, in Clark County, Kentucky; she died on April 5, 1875, in St. Clair County, Missouri.  She was married to Joseph Johnston in Clark County, Kentucky, on July 31, 1806.  He had been born on February 18, 1784, and died on March 12, 1850, in St. Clair County, Missouri.  He was a son of Robert and Catherine (Wallace) Johnston.  According to Nadine W. Britton, they were the parents of the following children:  (The first seven were born in St. Charles District, Missouri;  the rest in what is now Warren County, Missouri.)
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[Editor's Note: We shall welcome corrections and additions to this record of the children and grandchildren of Henry and Elizabeth (Sparks) Bryan.]
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A SIXTY-FIFTH SPARKS WEDDING ANNIVERSARY

Although it is not our editorial policy to use space in the QUARTERLY to announce births and wedding anniversaries among our members, we believe that the following exception may be appropriate.  On November 9, 1998, the Association's President, Dr. Paul E. Sparks, and his wife, Mary Sue Sparks, celebrated their 65th wedding anniversary.  (Mrs. Sparks is usually called by her middle name, Sue.) In a letter to the editor dated November 9, 1998, Paul recalled that event in a most interesting manner, and he has given us permission to quote him.

We had $20.00, but we spent $2.00 to buy me a hat.  I had none, but was no different than other men about me.  Sue said she wouldn't marry a man who had no hat.
What memories! It has been a good 65 years, and the Lord has blessed us with reasonably good health; the ability to laugh with (and at) each other; and an enduring devotion to our relationships with  each other .


[Paul and Sue will celebrate their 90th birthdays in 1999.]

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CORRECTIONS

In the QUARTERLY for March 1998, Whole No. 181, there appears a typographical error on page 4936. In the fourth line from the bottom, the date of death for John Calton Sparks was given as December 2, 1861. The year should have appeared as 1961.

[Scanner's note: Correction made.]

In the issue for June 1998, Whole No. 182, in the third line of paragraph 3, Elizabeth Shatley should have been Elizabeth Whatley. Also, on page 5021, in the final line of the page , Andrew Connally Van Bibber Sparks , father of Clinton Bryant Sparks, was actually named Andrew Donnally Van Bibber Sparks.

[Scanner's note:  Correction made.]

A member has also called our attention to an error in the Index to the QUARTERLY, 1993-1997, page 94. The entry under PURDY that reads "Mary Elizabeth (Sparks Ashcroft), 4891" should read "Martha Elizabeth (Sparks, Ashcroft) 4891"  Likewise, on page 3,~the entry under ASHCROFT that reads "Mary Elizabeth
Sparks), 4594" should read: Martha Elizabeth (Sparks), 4891."

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DEATH TAKES ARCHIE SPARKS

It is with deep regret that we record, belatedly, the death of long-time member, Archie Sparks, who died on September 22, 1996, at his home in Beaver, Iowa. He is survived by his wife, Yvonne Louise (Murray) Sparks, and two sons, Alan Sparks and Brian Sparks.  Archie Eldon Sparks was born on July 2, 1917, at Beaver, Iowa, and was a son of Grover Cleveland and Katherine Elizabeth (Hansen) Sparks. His paternal grandparents were John Edward and Rebecca (Miller) Sparks, and his great-grandparents were King David and Elizabeth (Bass) Sparks.  His great-great-grandparents were Wliiliam J. and Sarah (Jennings) Sparks. (See the March 1988 issue of THE SPARKS QUARTERLY, Whole No., 141, for further details of this family.

We extend our deepest sympathy to Archie's wife and sons .

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DEATH TAKES JACK SPARKS

It is with deep regret that we report the death of Jack Sparks who passed away on January 29, 1998, at Fort Worth, Texas.  He was one of our most enthusiastic members and was always pleased to share his information.  He is survived by his wife, Dorothy M. Sparks; a son, Gary Wayne Sparks; and two daughters, Linda Lou (Sparks) Hargis and Connie Jo Ann (Sparks) Woolsey.

Jack Sparks was born on February 14, 1921, in Konawa, Oklahoma, and was a son of Jim and Margaret Ann (Teague) Sparks . His paternal grandparents were Thomas Jefferson and Nancy (Isaacs) Sparks, natives of Jackson County, Kentucky. (See page 1654 of the June 1974 issue of THE SPARKS QUARTERLY, Whole No. 86, for further information about his Sparks ancestry.)

We extend our deepest sympathy to Jack's wife and children and to other family members .

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PERSONS NAMED SPARKS IN THE CITY DIRECTORY OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, 1863

(From page 410; followed by occupation, if given, and home address:)
 

Sparks,
     "
     "
     "
     "
     "
     "
     "
     "
Cashian A.
Edward A. 
George
Harvey S. 
Isabella (widow)
James 
Joseph 
Mary (widow)
William 
Clerk
Engineer
[none]
Physician

Machinist
Grocer

Driver

29 5th Street
E. Warren & Vanderbilt Ave.
47 Devol Street.
67 Myrtle Ave.
80 Cumberland St.
47 Devol St.
29 Sackitt St.
174 Taylor St.
434 Columbia St.

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PERSONS NAMED SPARKS FOUND ON THE 1900 CENSUS OF

QUEEN ANNES COUNTY, MARYLAND

Compiled by Russeil E. Bidlack

The following compilation of persons named Sparks living in Queen Annes County, Maryland , when the U S census was taken in the year 1900 has been made from a careful "reading" of a microfilm copy made from the original at the National Archives in Washington, D. C.  A total of 199 individuals with the Sparks name have been found in 60 different households.  As will be seen, many of these Sparkses were living in households that were headed by persons not named Sparks.   In a number of instances, they were young people employed as farm laborers or servants; some were obviously living with relatives.  (The term "servant" was recommended by the Census Office to describe domestic employees.)   Because of the importance of family connections this compiler has copied the complete households in these cases, except for an institution, such as a county farm for poor or disabled people.

In few other counties in the United States were there as many persons named Sparks in 1900 as there were in Queen Annes County, Maryland, and very nearly all of these 199 Sparkses were natives of Maryland. There had been an unusually large number of Sparkses recorded on earlier censuses in this county, many of whom migrated west or south to other states as the years went by, and family relationships to those who remained in Queen Annes County are to be found today throughout the country.  When the 1840 census had been taken, there were 15 households headed by persons named Sparks, comprising some 91 individuals.  (See pp.2834-35 of the QUARTERLY of March 1986, Whole No. 133, for this listing.)   A record of those found on the 1850 census of the county was published also in the QUARTERLY of March 1986, pp. 2840-45, that total being 111 individuals.  (Readers are reminded that it was not until 1850 that the name of everyone in each household was recorded on a U.S. census.)  The U S. census of 1900 is especially valued by famIly historians because that which had been taken in 1890 was almost entirely destroyed in a warehouse fire in January 1921; this was before the invention of microfilming.

As in earlier U.S. censuses, an effective date for the 1900 census was set so that statistics could be compiled regarding the nation's population as of a certain day.  As in several earlier censuses, the date for that of 1900 was set as June 1st.  All data recorded were, therefore, supposed to represent what had been true on June 1, 1900.  Babies born after June 1st that year were not to be recorded even though it was days, even weeks, later that the census taker came to one's home, and persons dying after June 1, 1900, were to be included.  Also, it was one's age on June 1, 1900, that was to be recorded for everyone then .

In this transcription , we have included the name of the census taker and the date of his enumeration of each household.  Queen Annes County was divided in seven "Election Districts," with names of towns and villages added where appropriate.  There were detailed instructions for census takers regarding their reporting of households and families.  For example , "transient guests of a hotel are not to be enumerated as of the hotel, unless they are likely otherwise to be omitted from the enumeration;  but the proprietor and his family, and those boarders, employees, and servants who regularly sleep there are to be included."  It was recognized that, on occasion, such individuals might be recorded twice, by two different census takers, and it was inevitable that a few people would be omitted altogether.

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The census taker was to go from house to house, attempting to interview a knowledgeable adult in each family" to ascertain beyond a doubt that the information..... covers all the persons in the family, including not only the immediate members of the family, as the head, wife, and children, but also other relatives living with the family, servants (if they sleep in the house), and persons who live with the family, as boarders, lodgers, etc."   Successive numbers were to be assigned in order of visitation to each household and to each family.  When more than one family lived in a household, thereafter these two numbers would differ in the census taker's record.  These numbers are useful in searching census records to help to identify neighbors or relatives of a family living nearby .

The names of the members of each family were to be entered with the surname first, followed by forename(s) or Initials, in the following order:  "Head, first, wife second, children (whether sons or daughters) in the order of their ages, and all other persons living with the family , whether relatives , boarders , lodgers , or servants."   Where the surname was repeated, the census taker was to draw "a horizontal line" in its place. In this transcription, we have substituted ditto marks for these horizontal lines.

Of particular value to the genealogist was the requirement that, following the name of the person designated as the family's "Head," there was to be an indication of the "relationship the person bears to the head of the family."

The next column on the census forms provided to the enumerators was designated as "Color or race," with the following instructions: "Write 'W' for white; 'B' for black (negro or of negro descent); 'Ch' for Chinese, 'Jp' for Japanese, and 'In' for Indian , as the case may be."  It will be seen that, of the 199 individuals named Sparks on this census, 20 were designated as "B."  In earlier censuses of Queen Annes County, both slaves and free Blacks had been recorded, and we may assume that most of these 20 Blacks in 1900 were among their descendants.  Those who were shown as Black have been identified in the note sections .

Under the column for sex , the letter "M"or "F" was to designate male or female.  Of particular interest in the 1900 census was the provision not only for the age of each person, but for the month and year of hisiher birth.  Age was to be that as of June 1 , 1900.  As will be seen , some persons providing information to the census taker lacked portions of this information .

Marital status was to be reported, whether single (S), married (M), widowed (Wd), or divorced (D).  In most instances, census takers reported even infants as "S," but others left it blank for children.  Here we have omitted the (S) for all persons under 14. For those reported as married (M), the number of years of marriage was to be given, but this question "need not be answered by widowed or divorced persons."  For couples married less than one year, a zero was to be entered.  We can sometimes deduce that a spouse had been married before,  as in the family of W. B. Sparks appearing on page 5089 of this compilation. Although he and his wife, Ann Sparks, had been married only 11 years, his son, William D. Sparks, was 19 years old.  That Ann was a second wife is confirmed in the biographical sketch of William B. Sparks appearIng on page 5095; he had been married to his first wife, Lucy Crossley, in 1881; she had died in 1887.

As had been required on the 1890 census lost to us, so, also, in 1900, the number of children of each married woman was to be noted, along with the number still living on June 1, 1900.  From these numbers, we are often reminded of the high infant mortality rate that existed in the 19th Century.  This information was not required for widows, but some census takers recorded it for them . This Information is given here in the notes followIng each entry. .

Place of birth was required for each person listed , as had been true in censuses beginning in 1850, but that pertaining to one's parents had first appeared in the 1890 census (now lost) . The intent was obviously related to determining statis tics of the foreign born in the U.S. , but for today's family historian this in formation can be of value in tracing one's ancestry .

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The occupation, trade, or profession of the head of each household was to be recorded on the 1900 census, along with that of family members ten years or older who were "gainfully employed."  The question was also asked regarding the number of months such individuals had been out of work.

Under the heading "Education," the number of months that a child had attended school "during the year ending June 1, 1900," was to be recorded.  A zero was to be entered for any "person of school age [who] did not attend school at all during the year." In many instances , however , census takers simply left the space blank.  Three other questions were asked of everyone regarding education:  whether the person could read and write, and whether he or she spoke English.  All persons transcribed here spoke English, and nearly all of the adults could read and write.  We have included in the note at the end of each entry the information regarding and the LACK OF ABILITY to read or write, except for small children.

Questions were also asked of each household or family head regarding whether he, she owned the house or farm in/on which the family lived, or whether he/she was a renter.  If there was ownership , it was also asked whether there. was a mortgage. This information is also given in a note at the end of each entry in this transcription .

A separate part of the 1900 census pertained to agricultural production , but this has not been searched for the present transcription.

The 1900 census forms provided to census takers were 19 and one-half inches long and 18 and five-eighths inches wide; they were printed on two sides, with spaces for 50 entries on each side. Before microfilming these sheets, they were numbered, the front side labeled A and the back side B. We have recorded these as page numbers.  Queen Annes County is comprised of 200 two-sided sheets, paged from 1-A through 200-B . Not all of these pages are completely filled.  The entries that follow are given in page order from the film .

Election District 1, Census taken by J. Emery Smith, June 12, 1900
Page 5-B, Household 88, Family 88

Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Birth Birth
Fath.
Birth
Moth.
Sparks John Head (M) May 1855 45 (M) MD NJ NJ
     " Sarah E. Wife (F) Feb. 1855 45 (M) MD MD MD
     " John T. Son (M) Sept. 1884 15 (S) MD MD MD
     " Mary H. Daughter (F) June 1894   8 (S) MD MD MD
Beck Peacilla [sic] Servant (F) Feb. 1896 16 (S) MD MD MD
Election District 1, Census taken by J. Emery Smith, June 14, 1900
Page 6-B, Household 99, FaIPily 102
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Sparks Joseph Head (M) Feb. 1823 77 (M) 16 MD MD MD
     " Sarah K. Wife (F) Dec. 1832 67 (M) 16 MD MD MD
Hill Thomas Grandson (M) June 1888 11 MD MD MD
Notes: All three were recorded as White. Sarah Sparks was the mother of 9 children, and 7 were still living on  June 1, 1900.  Joseph Sparks was a Farmer; he owned hIs farm, free of mortgage. The grandson, Thomas Hill , had attended school for 8 months .
******************
-5078-

Election District 1, Census taken by Jonathan Chance, June 9, 1900
Page 12-A, Household 102, Family 105

Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Tate Walter Head (M) Aug. 1867 33 (S) MD MD MD
Sparks .Blanche Boarder (F) Mar. 1872 28 (Wd) MD MD MD
     " Pearle Daughter (F) Apr. 1893   7 MD MD MD
     " Hiram C. Son (M) July 1897   2 MD MD MD
     " Hervey M, Son (M) Nov. 1899   1 MD MD MD
Pugh John L. Nephew (M) Mar. 1892   8 PA MD MD
Harry R. Nephew (M) Dec. 1894   5 MD PA MD
Election District 1, Census taken by Jonathan Chance, June 15, 1900
Page 15-B, Household 186, Family 195
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Sparks Joseph Head (M) Aug. 1851 48 (M) 2 MD MD MD
     " .Florence E. Wife (F) Mar. 1877 23 (M) 2 PA PA PA
     " Joseph A. Son (M) Mar. 1900 2/12 MD MD PA
Page 15-B, Household 191, Family 201
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Sparks Hiram Head (M) Jan. 1847 53 (M) 31 MD MD MD
     " Sarah E. Wife (F) Nov. 1839 61 (M) 31 MD MD MD
Election District 1,  Census taken by Jonathan Chance , June 19, 1900
Page 17-B, Household 225, Family 240
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Newton Si---?-- Head (M) July 1837 62 (M) 25 MD MD MD
     " Eliza C. Wife (F) Dec. 1847 52 (M) 25 MD MD MD
Sparks Mary Sister (F) May 1833 67 (Wd) MD MD MD
Bixcoe Heiram [sic] Nephew (M) Dec. 1884 10 MD MD MD
**********************
-5079-

Election District 1, Census taken by Jonathan Chance, June 21, 1900
Page 19-A, Household 257, Family 273

Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Sparks,  Alfred A Head (M) Aug. 1857 42 (M) 5 MD MD MD
     " .Rachael A Wife (F) Dec. 1879 20 (M) 5 MD MD MD
     " Ammy S Daughter (F) Sept. 1897   2 MD MD MD
     " James E Son (M) Feb. 1900 4/12 MD MD MD
     " Charles H. Father (M) Oct. 1822 77 (Wd) MD MD MD
Green, Mollie Mother (F) May 1859 41 (M) 26 MD MD MD
Heines, John H Boarder (M) June 1858 41 (M) 20 MD MD MD
Notes : All members were recorded as Black.  Alfred A. Sparks and his father, Charles H. Sparks, could not read and write.  Alfred was a farm laborer; he rented a farm.  Mollie Green was called a day laborer; John Heines was a farm laborer.  Rachael A Sparks was the mother of 3 children, two were still living on June 1, 1900;  Mollie Green had had 3 children, one was still living on June 1, 1900.
Election District 1 , Census taken by Jonathan Chance , June 23, 1900
Page 21-A, Household 296, Family 315
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Sparks Mary Head (M) Apr. 1861 39 (Wd) MD MD MD
     " Lillian H. Wife (F) Mar. 1884 16 (S) MD MD MD
     " Haslup F. Son (M) Mar. 1886 14 (S) MD MD MD
     " Mary B. Daughter (F) June 1888 11 MD MD MD
     " Julia E. Daughter (F) Jan. 1890 10 MD MD MD
     " Georgia P. Daughter (F) Sept. 1896   7 MD MD MD
Election District 1, Census taken by Jonathan Chance, June 30, 1900
Page 25-A, Household 373, Family 394
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Sparks, William Head (M) Feb. 1850 50 (M) 21 MD MD MD
     " Katie Wife (F) July 1859 40 (M) 21 MD MD MD
     " Royce Son (M) Dec. 1882 17 (S) MD MD MD
     " Beatrice Daughter (F) Feb.  1886 14 (S) MD MD MD
     " Palmer Son (M) Jume 1890 10 MD MD MD
     " Pauline Daughter (F) Dec. 1894   5 MD MD MD
     " Lucy Daughter (F) May 1900 1/12 MD MD MD
Page 25-B, Household 384, Family 401
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Sparks J. Fletcher Head (M) Aug. 1855 44 (M) 19 MD MD MD
     " .Mary Wife (F) Oct. 1858 41 (M) 19 MD    (see  below)
     " J. Reese Son (M) July 1894 15 (S) MD MD MD
Lelia Daughter (F) Sept. 1885 14 (S) MD MD MD
************************
-5080-

Election District 1 , Sudlersville Village Census taken by Jonathan Chance, July 3, 190D
Page 28-A, Household 431, Family 456

Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Sparks Joseph Head (M) Oct. 1858 41 (M) 15 MD MD MD
     " Sarah Wife (F) May 1862 38 (M) 15 DE    (see *)
     " Susie S. Daughter (F) Apr. 1886 14 (S) MD MD MD
Lawrence H. Son (M) May 1888 12 MD MD MD
Family 457 also in Household 431
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Sparks Anice Head (F) Dec. 1859 40 (M) (Wd) MD    (see *)
     " Parvis H. Son (M) Oct. 1883 16 (M) (S) MD MD MD
Election District 2, Census taken by Medford Walls, June 9, 1900
Page 35-A, Household 100, Family 110
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Sparks Richard Head (M) Aug. 1861 38 (M) 10 MD MD MD
     " .Mollie Wife (F) May 1872 28 (M) 10 MD MD MD
     " Helen Daughter (F) May 1891   9 MD MD MD
     " John Son (M) Oct. 1892   7 MD MD MD
Clark John Servant (M) Dec. 1881 18 (S) MD MD MD
Election District 2, Census taken by Medford Walls, June 11, 1900
Page 36-B, Household 135, Family 148
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Smith Richard D. Head (M) June 1859 40 (M) 13 MD MD MD
     " .Jennie Wife (F) Apr. 1869 31 (M) 123 MD MD MD
     " John R. Son (M) Sept. 1898   1 MD MD MD
Sparks Edward Servant (M) Mar. 1886 14 (S) MD MD MD
Election District 2, Census taken by Medford Walls , June 25, 1900
Page 39-A, Household 172, Family 186
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Coppage Benj. L. Head (M) July 1840 59 (M) 36 MD MD MD
     " Mary E. Wife (F) Aug. 1840 59 (M) 36 MD MD MD
     " Essie Daughter (F) Mar. 1874 26 (S) MD MD MD
     " Oda Son (M) Sept. 1879 20 (S) MD MD MD
     " Noble Son (M) Aug. 1882 17 (S) MD MD MD
Sparks Sadie Servant (F) Sept. 1889 10 MD MD MD
Brown Annie Servant (F) May 1884 16 (S) MD MD MD
Godwin George Servant (M) Apr. 1881 19 (S) MD MD MD
Election District 2, Census taken by Medford Walls, June 26 1900
Page 40-A, Household 194, Family 209
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Walls Medford Head (M) Mar. 1863 37 (M) 7 MD MD MD
     " Fannie D. Wife (F) Oct. 1870 29 (M) 7 MD MD MD
     " Henry R. Son (M) Apr. 1894   6 MD MD MD
     " Mable I. Daughter (F) Aug. 1896   3 MD MD MD
Sparks Medford Servant (M) Aug. 1875 24 (S) MD MD MD
Seney Charles Servant (M) May 1872 18 (S) MD MD MD
Butler Joseph Servant (M) Jan. 1888 12 MD MD MD
Election District 2, Church Hill
Census taken by J. Thos. Smith, June 2, 1900
Page 42-A, Household 34, Family 35
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Duckin [?] John Head (M) Apr. 1833 67 (M) 44 MD MD MD
     " A.V. Wife (F) Oct. 1842 57 (M) 44 MD MD MD
Sparks Blanch Daughter (F) Apr. 1879 21 3/12 MD MD MD
     " Walter Son-in-law (M) July 1876 23 3/12 MD MD MD
Election District 2, Church Hill
Census taken by J. Thos. Smith, June 4, 1900
Page 42-B, Household 41, Family 43
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Sparks Raymond J. Head (M) July 1860 39 (S) MD MD MD
**********************
-5082-

Election District 2, Church Hill
Census taken by J. Thos. Smith, June 9, 1900
Page 46-A, Household 115, Family 118

Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Sparks Joseph R. Head (M) July 1845 54 (M) MD MD MD
     " Rebecca F. Wife (F) July 1848 51 (M) MD MD MD
     " Evems [?] N. Son (M) Apr. 1876 24 (S) MD MD MD
     " Joseph R., Jr. Son (M) July 1878 21 (S) MD MD MD
     " Eva Daughter (F) Sept. 1881 18 (S) MD MD MD
     " Flora Daughter (F) Jan. 1884 16 (S) MD MD MD
     " James H. Son (M) Mar. 1888 12 MD MD MD
     " John H. Son (M) Mar. 1893   7 MD MD MD
     " Bell Daughter (F)   * 1895   4 MD MD MD
Election District 2, Church Hill
Census taken by J. Thos. Smith, June 12, 1900
Page 48-A, Household 152, Family 156
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Clark, William Head (M) June 1854 45 (M) 20 MD MD MD
     " .Sallie B. Wife (F) Aug. 1854 45 (M) 20 MD MD MD
     " W. Ernest Son (M) Aug. 1882 18 (S) MD MD MD
Sparks Mary "Neace" (F) May 1877 23 (S) MD MD MD
Election District 2, Church Hill
Census taken by J. Thos. Smith, June 18, 1900
Page 50-A, Household 195, Family 199
Last Name First name Sex Born Year Age M/S Mar.
Findley, W.P. Head (M) Mar. 1851 49 (M) 25 MD MD MD
     " C.O. Wife (F) July 1850 49 (M) 25 MD MD MD
     " Sallie M. Daughter (F) Apr. 1977 23 (s) MD MD MD
     " James M. Son (M) Aug. 1881 18 (S) MD MD MD
Seaney Elvenie Servant (F) Apr. 1875 25 (M) 5 MD MD MD
     " J. Wilbur [blank] (M) Feb. 1898   2 MD MD MD
Sparks Pere [?] Servant (M) May 1879 21 (S) MD MD MD
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Scanned and Edited by Harold E. Sparks